Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Draycot, co. Wilts, and Wanstead, co. Essex ; settled at a very remote period at Wraxall, and afterwards at Draycot, by marriage with the heiress of Cerne; Katherine Long, eldest dau. and heiress of Sir James Tilney Long, Bart., d. 1805, m. the Hon. William Wellesley Pole, only son of Lord Maryborough). Sa. semee of crosses crosslet, a lion ramp, ar., quartering Popham, Seymour, and Child. This coat bears a strong resemblance to that of the Preux family, "sa. semee of crosses crosslet or, three lioncels ramp. ar. ; "and supports in some degree the tradition mentioned by Camden, of the origin of the Longs, from a younger son of the house of Preux, which was seated at Gidley Castle, co. Devon, soon after the Conquest, and of which was William Le Preux, M.P. for Wilton, co. Wilts, 28 Edward I. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion ramp. ar. Another Crest was granted by Henry Vlll. to Sir Henry Long, of Wraxall and Draycot, for his gallantry at Therouenne, viz., a lion's head ar. in its mouth a hand erased gu.
2) (Potterne, Little Cheverell, Melksam, and Collingbourne Kingston, co. Wilts; derived, it is presumed, from a younger son of the Wraxall family; Thomas Long, Esq., of Little Cheverell and Potterne, High Sheriff of co. Wilts in 1652, left four sons: 1) John, who d. s.p.; 2) Richard, who m. Elizabeth, sister and heiress of Henry Long, Esq., of Rowde Ashton, and was ancestor of Long, now of Rowde Ashton, со. Wilts; 3) Thomas, ancestor of Long, now of Preshaw, co. Hants; and 4) William, ancestor of Long, of Baynton). Motto—Pieux quoique preux. Same Arms. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi lion ramp. ar.
3) (granted in 1589, to Gifford Long, Esq., of Rowde Ashton, Sheriff of co. Wilts in 1624, whose granddaughter, Elizabeth, m. Richard Long, Esq. of Collingbourne Kingston). Sa. a lion pass. ar. on a chief of the second three crosses crosslet of the first. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet a lion's head erased sa. guttee d'eau.
(Longville, Jamaica, and Hampton Lodge, co. Surrey; descended from John Long, of Netheravon, co. Wilts, d. 1630; Samcel Long, his grandson, having participated in the conquest of Jamaica by Penn and Venables, bccame a person of great consideration in that island, where his great-grandson, Edward Long, Esq., filled the office of chief Justice of the Vice-Admiralty Court). Motto—Pieux quoique preux. Sa. a lion pass. ar. holding in the dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchée or, on a chief of the second three crosses crosslet of the field, quartering Tate, Zouche, and St. Maur. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a lion’s head ar. guttée de sang.
4) (Baron Farnborough, extinct 1838). Motto—Ingenuas suscipit artes. Same Arms and Crest. Supporters—Two lions reguard. ar. guttée de sang, cach gorged with a ducal coronet or, thereto pendent an escutheon sa. charged with a cross crosslet ar.
5) (Trowbridge, co. Wilts; granted, 1661, to Тhomas Long, Esq., of Trowbridge, a descendant of the Longs, of Wraxall, and borne by Long, of Whaddon and Beckington). Sa. semée of crosses crosslet a lion ramp. ar. all betw. two flaunches erm. Crest—Out of a crescent or, a lion’s head sa. guttée d'eau.
6) (co. Gloucester; Walter Long, son of Walter Long, living temp. Henry VIII., the grandson of Robert Long, a younger son of Long, of the co. Wilts. Visit. Devon, 1620). Sa. semee of crosses pattee a lion ramp. ar. on the breast a mullet for diff.
7) (Isle of Wight; Simon Long; his dau. Mary, m. Sir William Allen, Knt., Mayor of London in 1572. Visit. London, 1563). Sa. semée of crosses crosslet a lion ramp. ar. a border engr. or.
8) (Souldan, co. Hertford, and Barrow, co. Suffolk). Gu. a saltire engr. or, on a chief of the last three crosses crosslet of the first. Crest—A lion ramp. gu. holding a saltire engr. or.
9) (Spixworth Park, co. Norfolk). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu. a saltire engr. or, on a chief of the last three cross crosslets of the 1st; 2nd and 3rd, or, two leopards’ faces in pale betw. two flaunches gu. Crest—A lion sejant ramp. gu. supporting a saltire gu. engr. or.
10) (West Hackney, co. Middlesex). Or, a lion ramp. betw. three escutcheons sa. each charged with a quatrefoil of the first. Crest—Upon a mount in front of a tree ppr. a wyvern couchant vert. Motto—Confide recte agens.
11) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Sa. semée of crosses crosslet and a lion ramp. ar. langued and armed gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a lion’s head gu.
12) (Reg. Ulster's Office to one of Oliver Cromwell’s colonels, sent to Ireland 1649). Sa. a lion ramp. ar. armed and langued gu. betw. two flanges erm.
13) (Clerkenwell, London). Per bend sinister ar. and sa. a lion ramp. of the field crusily counterchanged. Crest—A lion’s head erased per pale ar. and sa. charged with three guttées counterehanged, two and one.
14) (London). Motto—Iram leonis noli timere. Or, crusily a lion ramp. gu. Crest—A lion's head erased gu.
15) (Swinthorpe, co. Norfolk). Ar. three pales sa. each charged with three leopards’ heads or. Crest—On a mount vert a greyhound courant sa. collared and lined erm.
16) Sa. semée of crosses crosslet a lion ramp. ar. within a bordure chequy or and gu. Crest—Out of a five-leaved coronet or, a demi lion ramp. ar.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Long Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of Long is a generally non-debated surname. The origin of this surname of Long is said to have stemmed from a nickname. It is a common element of surnames throughout Europe that many of them originally derived from nicknames, as it was a very common practice in medieval times. In the beginning, nicknames were applied to people who had distinguishing characteristics, such as moral or mental peculiarities, a similar appearance to a bird or animal, a similar disposition to a bird or animal, occupation of an individual, their habits, or their manner of dress. In the instance of the surname of Long, this nickname was reserved for someone who was tall and lanky. This nickname, and eventual surname, stems from the Old English Pre 7th Century words “lang” or “long” which can both be translated to mean “tall,” or “long,” and both derive from the Old Latin word of “longus.” This surname of Long is older than many other surnames because of it’s commonality, and it’s use in medieval times, and within the Middle Ages.
More common variations are: Longe, Longh, Llong, Leong, Longg, Lowng, Luong, Longo, Longa, Liong, Loong
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Long was found within the country of England. One person who was recorded to be named as one Aetheric des Langa was mentioned in the text Old English Bynames in the county of Northamptonshire in the year of 972. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Edgar of England, who was known throughout the ages as “Edgar the Peaceful.” King Edgar of England ruled from the year of 959 to the year 975. Other mentions of the surname of Long throughout the country of England include one Berard Long, who was said to have lived in Suffolk from the year 1121 to the year 1148, one Godfrey Lunge, who was mentioned in Gloucester in the year of 1179, and one Adam ye Langge, who was noted as living in the county of Yorkshire in the year o 1279. Those who bear the surname of Long can be found throughout the country of England. The areas that have the largest concentration of those who carry the surname of Long can be found within both Yorkshire and the areas in and around the city of London.
Within the country of Scotland, there are many people who carry the surname of Long. The area that has the highest population within the country of Scotland of people who are known by the surname of Long is that of Lanarkshire county.
United States of America:
Throughout the 17th Century, it was common for European settlers to migrate to the United States of America in search of a better life. This movement of people was referred to as The European Migration, and this movement is what colonized the United States of America. Among the early settlers who came to America were Jane Long and Jon Long, who carried the surname of Long to the New World when they arrived in the state of Virginia in the year 1621. Shortly after them, Ann Long arrived in the state of Virginia in the year 1633, and Catherine Long settled in the state of Virginia in the year 1635. Those who carry the surname of Long can be found in high concentrations in the areas of Ohio and Illinois, and in the state of Pennsylvania.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Long: United States 250,883; England 26,807; Malaysia 12,571; Australia 12,249; Canada 12,028; South Africa 7,981; France 5,474; Ireland 4,378; Sudan 4,124; China 4,095
Maxwell W. Maxey Long (1877-1958) who was an Olympian from America who won a gold medal in the 1900 Olympic Games
Zhou Long, who was a winner of the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Music, and who was from America
Owen de Long, who was a Democratic politician from America, and who served as a Candidate for the Kansas State Senate in the 8th District in the year 2000
Charles E. De Long (died in 1876) who was a Republican politician from America, and who served as a Member of the California State Assembly in the 15th District from 1858 to the year 1860, and who seved as a Member of the Republican National Committee from Nevada from the year 1868 to the year 1870, and who was a Minister to Japan in the year 1869
Clarence Long (1908-1994) who was a politician and economist from America, and who served as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland
William Ivey Long (born in 1947) who was a Tony-Award winning costume designer from America, and who designed for the stage and for film
Long Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Long blazon are the semee of crosses crosslet and lion. The four main tinctures (colors) are sable, argent, azure and gules.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
The word semee is an old word that is best translated as “strewn” or “scattered with” and refers to the background of the shield, or large shapes upon, being sprinkled with a large number of the following objects. In this case semee of crosses crosslet means that the field is covered with small crosses, each arm of which is also crossed. The resulting pattern is particularly pleasing and of course signals the piety of the holder – indeed Wade believes that it represents “the fourfold mystery of the cross”
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.