Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) Az. a fesse (another, engr.) erm. betw. three eagles displ. ar.
2) Az. a fesse erm. in chief an eagle displ. ar.
According to the early recordings of the spelling forms of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many forms including Margaret, Margett, Margott, this is an old English surname. Introduced by returning Crusaders from the Holy Land in the 12th century and according to the Christian Revival period, it acquires from the Greek word “margaretes” which means pearl, although it was demanded that it is ultimately from Persian and to mean “child of light”. Matronymic Surnames that are to say, surnames from a female name rather than a male name, are much more limited. As to why they occur at all is interesting. They usually show that in old times and opposite to public opinion, women were often heirs in their right. Sons of these (married) women took their name rather than their fathers. Amongst the early records are Henry Margaret who noted in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1273, and Hugh Margarete in the Hundred Rolls of Buckinghamshire in the similar year, while John Margett shows in the Premium Rolls of Suffolk, dated 1524. Spelling variations of this family name contain as Marguerite, Margeride, Margaride, Margalide, Margerit, Marguerie, Marguery, Margry, Margrette, Margeridon, Marguerin, Margeron, Margulius, Margotin, Marguet and much more.
More common variations are: Margarett, Margareta, Margareto, Margariet, Margarete, Margareht, Margareti, Maragaret, Margarety, Margaraet
The surname Margaret first appeared in Languedoc, in the south of France, where the family has been a famous family for many centuries and held a family seat with lands and estates. The family were well placed in the region of Nimes and Toulouse and many members of the family identified themselves through their donations toward the community in which they lived and were rewarded with lands, names and letters confirming their nobility.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Margaret, dated about 1272, in the “Hundred Rolls of Suffolk”. It was during the time of King Edward I who was known to be the “Hammer of the Scots”, dated 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Margaret had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Margaret landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 18th. Some of the people with the name Margaret who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included James Margaret, who landed in Virginia in 1655. Henry Margaret, who came to Virginia in 1664.
The following century saw more Margaret surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Margaret who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Mary Margaret at the age of 34, landed in Mobile, Ala in 1851. M Margaret at the age of 35, arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1852.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Margaret: Uganda 5,788; Nigeria 4,891; United States 2,648; Kenya 2,119; New Zealand 1,434; Australia 1,123; Indonesia 1,063; India 888; England 828; South Africa 804.
Małgorzata Jamroży (Polish pronunciation; born June 1991), was better known by her stage name Margaret, is a Polish singer and composer. She began her musical life in 2009 as a member of the band oNieboLepiej. After that, she was the singer-songwriter of the Gosia Jamroży Project, found in a musical, noted songs for television commercials and became a fashion blogger. She got worldwide attention in 2013 after the release of her debut single, “Thank You Very Much”, which was later included on her presentation EP All I Need. The song was ranked in the top fifty in Austria, Germany and Italy.
Ann-Margret (born Ann-Margret Olsson; April 1941) is a Swedish-American actress, musician, and dancer. As an actress, she is best known for her roles in Bye Bye Birdie (1963), Viva Las Vegas (1964), The Cincinnati Kid (1965), Carnal Knowledge (1971), Tommy (1975), Grumpy Old Men (1993), and Grumpier Old Men (1995). She has won five Golden Globe Awards and was selected for two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and six Emmy Awards.
The two main devices (symbols) in the Margaret blazon are the eagle and fesse. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and argent.
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!
The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|2.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150|
|3.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|4.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle|
|6.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238|
|7.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74|
|8.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse|