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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Gu. a lion ramp. ar. Crest—A demi lion gu. ducally gorged or (another, ducally gorged ar.).

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Markoe Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Origins of Markoe:
The prominent surname Marl-toe started in France, a country which has been a commanding presence in world affairs for centuries.  The earliest forms of hereditary surnames in France were the patronymic surnames, which acquired from the father's given name, and metronymic surnames, which acquired from the mother's given name.  The patronyms acquired from a variety of given names that were of many different origins.  The surname Marl-toe started from the old Latin personal name Marcus, which showed that the bearer was a supporter of Mars, the Roman god of war and agriculture.

Variations:
More common variations are: Markowe, Marckoe, Markhoe, Marke, Marko, Markey, Markie, Markee, Marcke, Mariko.

France:
The surname Markoe first appeared in Dauphiny (French: Dauphiné or Dauphiné Viennois), an old province in southeastern France, where they were formerly seated in a hamlet at the base of the Alps, in the valley of Loire.

United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Markoe landed in the United States in the 18th century.    Some of the people with the name Markoe who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Francis Markoe settled in Philadelphia in the year 1795.

Markoe Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Markoe blazon are the lion and ducal crown. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5.

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 6 7 8. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 9 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 10, a sentiment echoed equally today.

Crowns are frequently observed in Heraldry 11, but we should not make the mistake of assuming that these are always on Royal arms 12. Many of the orders of nobility across Europe were entitled to wear crowns and coronets, Dukes, Earls, Viscounts and Barons in England each had their own distinctive headwear 13. The ducal coronet is an example of this, being gold with a brim of strawberry leaves and a cap of crimson velvet. 14 It may also be the case that a crown is added to an existing coat of arms as an augmentation in recognition of some service to a King 15.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 5 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
  • 7 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
  • 8 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
  • 9 A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
  • 10 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
  • 11 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P184
  • 12 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P138
  • 13 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P350
  • 14 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Crown
  • 15 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 187