Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Martineau Name
Origin of Martineau:
This unique and fascinating surname is listed in almost two hundred various forms from Martin and Martini to Marti and Martinovich, which is associated with a Roman origin. It derives from the word “Mars,” creator of productivity and battle, while it can also be stated that “Mars” itself can derive initially from the word “mar,” which means “to shine.” The surname has been used in every state of Europe since the Crusades of the 12th century, which were to free the Holy Land from the Muslims. It is believed that Martin is one of the few martyr names which the Christians adopted afterwards. There are many derived forms like Martineau (France) and Martinelli (Italian). Especially the forms of Marcinkowski and Marciszewski which are regional and from a town called Martin, for example – Czech Martinovsky. There are some examples which came from documentation which consists of various names like John Martin of Plymouth, England, who was a pilot to Sir Francis Drake, on his first “Around the World” travel of 1577, at the same time Christopher Martin was a representative of the Pilgrim priest in 1620. Suarez-Martinez named at Asuncion, Mexico, in October 1774, at the same time Jack Martinet listed at Berkeley, California in September 1909, and Jeffrey Lynn Martineau at Los Angelos in April 1948.
More common variations are: Martineaux, Martinneau, Martineu, Martinea, Martinau, Martneau, Martiniau, Martinaux, Martinaeu, Martineua.
The origins of the surname Martineau was found in Normandy the ancient Duchy of Normandy, where people held a family seat from old times.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Walter Martin, which was dated 1186, in the document of the division of Northampton, England. It was during the time of King William I, who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” 1066 – 1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Individuals with the surname Martineau settled in Canada in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 18th. Some of the people with the name Martineau who settled in the Canada in the 17th century included Louis Martineau at the age of 27, arrived in in Quebec in 1656. Jean Martineau and Jehan Martineau both came to Montreal in the same year in 1659.
Some of the people with the name Martineau who settled in the Canada in the 18th century included Antoine Martineau who settled in Quebec in 1758.
Some of the people with the name Martineau who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Henry Martineau landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841 aboard the ship Arab and Henry Martineau arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Arab” in 1841.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Martineau: United States 6,089; England 457; Haiti 1,482; Chile 135; Argentina 105; Malaysia 101; Mexico 419; Canada 8,752; Germany 202; France 10,776.
Alice Martineau (1972–2003), was an English pop musician and composer.
Alfred Albert Martineau (1859–1945), was a French administrator.
Alfred Martineau (cricketer) (1868–1940), was an English cricket player.
André Martineau (1930–1972), was a famous French Mathematician.
Barrett Martineau (born 1991), was a Canadian racer.
Don Martineau (1952–2006), was an American player in ice hockey.
Earl Martineau (1896–1966), was an American football player and referee.
Emmanuel Martineau (born 1946), is a French scholar.
Eugène Martineau (politician) (1837–1880), was an Ottawa politician.
Eugène Martineau (athlete) (born in 1980), was a sportsman from the Netherlands.
France Martineau is a Canadian philologist and teacher.
François Martineau (1844–1911), was a Canadian congressman.
G. D. Martineau (1897–1976), was an English author.
George Martineau (1905–1969), was an administrator of Edinburgh
Gérald Martineau (1902–1968), was a Canadian congressman.
Géraldine Martineau (born 1985), was a French artist and entertainer.
Gilbert Martineau (1918–1995), was a French writer and Honorary advocate on St Helena
Gord Martineau (born 1948), was a Canadian television reporter and announcer.
Martineau Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Martineau blazon are the rose, paly and cinquefoil. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The rose is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It has long been present in English heraldry, and as a badge and symbol played an enormous in English history throughout the conflict between rival dynasties known as the War of the Roses. In addition to these familial uses, Wade suggests that red roses signify “beauty and grace” and the white represents “love and faith”.
Play is what is known as a treatment, a regular patterning, usually over the whole background of the shield. The word comes from the pale, the major vertical stripe that appears on some shields, paly is obvious its little cousin, consisting of, typically, 6 or more vertical stripes, alternately coloured . The stripes can be any combination of the heraldic tinctures, an early example is that of GURNEY, being simply paly of six, or and argent. Paly can be combined with other effects, such as decorative edges on each stripe, or overlaid with other treatments such as bendy, and these can be very effective and pleasing to the eye .
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The cinquefoil is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It is shown as five-petalled flower, each petal quite rounded but with a distinct tip. It is sometimes pierced with a hole in the centre and usually appears on its own, without any leaves. It has no fixed colour but can appear in any of the available heraldic tinctures.