Mayfield Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Mayfield Family Coat of Arms

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Mayfield Coat of Arms Meaning

Mayfield Name Origin & History

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Mayfield Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Mayfield blazon are the cross and mayflower. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, gules and or .

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 13A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.

Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. Whilst the fleur-de-lys, the French “Flower of the Lily” may have become stylised almost beyond recognition 15A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P141, it still sometimes appears in a more pictorial form as the “lily of the garden”. The mayflower is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mayfield Name

Mayfield Origin:

England

Origins of Mayfield:

The surname of Mayfield is said to be a locational surname from the country of England. This means that it was often taken by the Lord or owner of the land from which the name derives. Others who may have take a locational surname are people who have migrated out of the area to seek out work. The easiest way to identify someone who was a stranger at that time was by the name of their birthplace. The location from which the surname of Mayfield is said to have stemmed can be found in the county of Staffordshire, or the county of Sussex. The surname of Mayfield, and the name of the town of Mayfield both have the same possible meanings and origins. The first of this is that the surname of Mayfield can be derived from the Old English Pre 7th Century word of “moeddre” which can be translated to mean “madder.” Madder is a plant from which red or purple dyes are made from. The other possible origin of the surname of Mayfield is that it derives from the word “maegbe” which can be translated to mean “mayweed” and the element off “feld” which can be translated to mean “an open area of countryside which had been cleared for use with agriculture.”

Variations:

More common variations are: Mayffield, Mayfieled, Mayfieldd, Mafield, Mayfeld, Myfield, Mayfeild, Maifield

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Mayfield can be traced to the country of England. One person by the name of Elizabeth Mayfeeld was baptized in the city of London, at St. Mary Aldermary in the year of 1542. Another person by the name of Dorothy Mayfield was wed to one John Whyte at Cropwell Bishop in the county of Nottinghamshire in the year od 1580. It is possible that someone who bore the surname of Mayfield was recorded earlier in the history of the country of England, but it it possible that these documents were destroyed. Those who bear the surname of Mayfield can be found within the country of England in large concentrations. The areas with the highest population of people who bear the surname of Mayfield can be found in the areas of Nottinghamshire, Sussex, and in the county of Staffordshire.

United States of America:

Throughout the 1600’s, it became common for European settlers to migrate out of their home country. The United States of America, then referred to as the New World, was a prime location for people who were moving from Europe due to it’s recent discovery and exploration. This large movement of people was referred to as the European Migration. Among those who traveled to the New World to better their lives was one Abigail Mayfield, who landed in the state of Virginia in the year of 1677, carrying the surname of Mayfield to the United States of America. It is possible that someone who bore the surname of Mayfield tried to immigrate to the United States before the year of 1677, but was unable to complete the journey. Living conditions on the transport ships to America were sparse, leaving many starving, diseased, or dead upon their arrival to the United States.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Mayfield: United States 34,358, England 1,473, Australia 852, Germany 370, Canada 227, New Zealand 50, Scotland 33, Spain 23, Ukraine 6 Georgia 5

Notable People:

Pearlie Mayfield who is a Democratic politician from America who was a candidate from the 84th District to the Texas State House of representatives

Kenneth Mayfield who is a Republican politician from America who served as a Texas Delegate to the Republican National Convention in the year 1988

John A. Mayfield who is a Democratic politician from America who served as the 20th District representative to the Missouri State House of Representatives in the year 2012

Joshua G. Mayfield who was a Republican politician from America who served the state of West Virginia as the Postmaster for New Martinsville from the year 1932 to the year 1934

James E. Mayfield who was a politician from America who served Eastern District of Tennessee as the United States Attorney in the year 1897

James B. Mayfield who was a politician from America who served as the 20th District of California representative to the state assembly from the year 1877 to the year 1880

Harry Mayfield who was a Democratic politician from America who served as an Ohio Delegate to the Democratic National Convention in the year 1972

Mayfield Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

(Cambridge; granted 9 Oct. 1684). Gu. a cross engr. erm. in chief two mayflowers slipped or. Crest—A lion's head couped gu. holding in the mouth a mayflower or.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
6. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106
13. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262
15. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P141