Origin, Meaning, Family History and Mayne Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origin of Mayne:
It is fascinating and readable surname with different spelling forms like Mayne(s), Main(s), Maine, Meyne, and Menne and has many possible origins. This surname comes from the Menzies tribe in Scotland as Meinn is the provincial Gaelic form of Menzies, itself authentically being de Meyners, expressing a Norman geographical name, or possibly individual associated with the French division of Meine, residents of Normandy. It can also have been an expressive nickname which related to the Old French word” maine” which means stability or greatness, so the whole meaning of the name is the forceful person, or from the Ancient French word “main” which means fist or hand. So, the individual “with the hands” showing an individual who had skilled hands. One Mary Mayne named in August 1570, at St. Andrew’s, Holborn, London, and Augustyn Mayne called in October 1580, at St. Michael, Bassishaw, London. A fascinating name holder was John Mayne (1759 -1836), a Scottish poet, printer and finally a landowner and cooperative editor of the “Star.” For magazines, he wrote many poems and praised by Scott and Burns.
More common variations of this surname are: Mayney, Mayane, Mayene, Mayone, Mayune, Maynne, Maynue, Maynne, Maynue, Mhayne, Mane, Mayn.
The surname Mayne first originated in Devon at King’s Nympton, a church, in the union of South Molton, hundreds of Witheridge. The palace, which was the portion of the old estate of the crown, gained by King John to Joel de Mayne, by whose revolution it was repeatedly unconditional in the crown, and it by Henry III to Roger le Zouch.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Main, which was dated 1204, an assistance in the “Assize Rolls of Yorkshire.” It was during the time of King John, who was known to be the “Lackland,” dated 1199 – 1216.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Mayne settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Mayne who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Susanna Mayne, who arrived in Virginia in 1650. John Mayne landed in Virginia in 1655. Henry Mayne, who came to Virginia in 1661. Nathaniell Mayne at the age of 21, landed in Barbados in 1684.
Some of the people with the name Mayne who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Mary Mayne at the age of 21, arrived in Connecticut in 1812. Richard John Mayne, at the age of 41, landed in New York in 1831. William Mayne, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1850. Thomas H Mayne at the age of 30, landed in Texas in 1858. Randall Mayne, who arrived in Virginia in 1884.
Some of the people with the name Mayne who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Richard Mayne at the age of 25 arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship “Ramillies.” Elisha Mayne at the age of 19, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “Sultana.” James Mayne at the age of 18 arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Lady Macdonald.” Thomas Mayne at the age of 32 arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Taymouth Castle.” William Mayne at the age of 32 arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship “Aliquis.”
Some of the people with the name Mayne who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Edward Mayne landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840. Joseph Mayne arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Mermaid” in 1860. Robert Mayne arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Inflexible” in 1870. James Mayne at the age of 22 arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Glenlora” in 1873.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Mayne: United States 5,051; England 3,302; Ghana 879; France 392; Belgium 468; Jamaica 500; Australia 2,379; Northern Ireland 370; Canada 1,082; South Africa 1,479.
Andrew Mayne was an entertainer and producer.
Brent Mayne (born 1968), was an American Baseball referee.
Cuthbert Mayne (1544–1577), was an English Roman priest and saint.
Edgar Mayne (1882–1961), was an Australian cricket player.
Mayne Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Mayne blazon are the pheon, chevronel, fleur-de-lis and hand. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, sable and gules .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . The pheon is a specific type of arrow head with barbs and darts and hence quite distinctive in appearance. Like the other symbols related to arrows, Wade suggests the symbolism is that of “readiness for military service”.
Readers may already be aware of the chevron, the large inverted ‘V’ shape that extends across the whole shield but may be new to its smaller cousin the chevronel. This can equally cover the whole width but is at least half the width of the chevron, if not narrower. There can be multiple chevronels present, normally these are stacked vertically, but there is a very striking variant whereby the chevronels are said to be interlaced, in which case they are side-by-side, overlapping and intertwined, creating a very striking effect . In common with its larger relative, Wade associates the chevronel with the idea of “Protection…and a reward to one who has achieved a notable enterprise” .
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms