Origin, Meaning, Family History and Melville Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origin of Melville:
It is fascinating and unique surname which is associated with the local French areas in Normandy known as Malleville, such as Malleville in Pays de Caux. The name derives from the Old French word“mal” which means “poor” or “cheap” indicating to the bad quality of the land or dust in the area, also to the word “Ville” which means “ agreement.” This Norman name brought to Scotland in the 11th Century by the first documented name holder. The areas of Melville in Midlothian, Scotland, further with those in Fife, obtained their name from their first Norman owners. One Hugh de Malleville verified a license near about 1202 in the documents of Paisley Monastery, and in 1296, Sir Richard de Melville bound to promise of faithfulness to the English King, Edward I. In some situations, the name, with different spellings forms as Melvin, Mulveen, and Mulvin, perhaps an Anglicized kind of the Gaelic (O) Maoil Mhin which means “lover of St. Min, from “min,” which means noble.
More common variations of this surname are: Mellville, Melaville, Meliville, Melveille, Melhville, Melviille, Melyville, Melvile, Melleville.
The surname Melville first originated in Midlothian. The Melville family lived in this division as early as the mid of 12th century, when King Malcolm IV of Scotland gifted them the estate of Melville in 1160. They are said to have reached in Scotland from Malleville in Pays de Caux, Normandy, where they held the prominent name of the kings of Graville. Another origin is more particular as “The enormous Northern House of Melville declares this Norman as the founder of their race.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Galfridus de (of) Malveill, which dated near about 1161 – 1163, in “settlements of the Holy Cross,” Edinburgh, Scotland. It was during the time of King Malcolm 1V of Scotland, dated 1153 – 1165.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Melville settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Melville who settled in the United States in the 17th century included David Melville in America in 1697.
Some of the individuals with the name Melville who settled in the United States in the 18th century included James Melville settled in Granada in 1774.
Some of the individuals with the name Melville who settled in the United States in the 19th century included James Melville, Luke Melville, and Thomas Melville; all these people landed in America in the same year in 1804. Philip Melville at the age of 11, arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1808. Mary Melville, who landed in Massachusetts in 1812.
Some of the people with the name Melville who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. David Melville and Mr. Thomas Melville U.E both settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick in the same year in 1784.
Some of the people with the name Melville who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Henry Melville and Eliza Melville both arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Asia” in the same year in 1851. John Melville arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship “Medina.” John Melville arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “James Fernie.” Ann Melville at the age of 18 arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Aliquis.”
Some of the people with the name Melville who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Jane Melville and J. Melville both arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Ulcoats” in the same year in 1864. James Melville at the age of 25, Isabella Melville at the age of 23 and Ann Melville, at the age of 11 mths, all these people arrived in the same year in 1865 aboard the ship “Resolute.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Melville: United States 5,565; England 3,952; Guatemala 1,722; Trinidad and Tobago 991; Guyana 969; Australia 2,815; Scotland 1,877; Canada 1,199; South Africa 3,014; New Zealand 840.
Alexander Gordon Melville (1819-1901), was an Irish anatomist.
Andy Melville (born 1968), was a Welsh football player.
Andrew Melville (1545–1622), was a Scottish philosopher.
Arthur Melville (1858–1904), was a Scottish painter.
Charles Melville (1828-1867), was an American mariner.
Charles B. Melville (FL. 1890-1900s), was an American leader.
Christian Melville (1913-1984), was a Scottish rugby player.
Melville Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Melville blazon are the mascle, crescent and rose. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and gules.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
The mascle is a close relative of the lozenge or diamond shape, but with the centre cut away revealing the background underneath. . Guillim, writing in the 17th century reckoned the mascle to represent the mesh of a net, being the biblical symbol for “persuasion, whereby men are induced to virtue and verity”.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter . The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” .
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The rose is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It has long been present in English heraldry, and as a badge and symbol played an enormous in English history throughout the conflict between rival dynasties known as the War of the Roses. In addition to these familial uses, Wade suggests that red roses signify “beauty and grace” and the white represents “love and faith”.