Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Hessilhead, co. Ayr). Gu. two spears crossing each other saltireways betw. three fleurs-de-lis in chief and fess, and as many annulets in base stoned az.
2) (Skelmorlie, co. Ayr., bart.; from whom the Earl of Eglinton descends through an heiress). Quarterly, 1st and 4th. az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three rings or, gemmed az., for Eglinton; over all in the centre a two-handed sword in pale ppr. Crest—A man's heart surmounted of an eye ppr. Supporters—Two unicorns ar. armed, maned, and unguled or. Motto—Tout bien ou rien.
3) (Kirktonholme, cadet of Skelmorlie, 1732). As the last, with a bordure ar. charged with mullets and ravens alternately sa. Same Crest and Motto.
4) (Broomlands, co. Ayr). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. a branch of palm betw. three fleurs-de-lis or; 2nd and 3rd, Eglinton. Crest—A palm branch ppr. Motto—Procedamus in pace.
5) (Scotston). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, Eglinton, en surtout, a hart's head cabossed gu.
6) (Giffen, co. Ayr). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, Eglinton, overall, dividing the quarters, a cross wavy or.
7) (Magbie Hill, co. Peebles, bart., extinct 1831). As the last, with a rose gu. in the centre for diff.
8) (Graham-Montgomery, Stanhope, co. Peebles, bart., 1801). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, counter-quartered, Montgomerie and Eglinton, over all a cross wavy or, charged with a star betw. four crescents az.; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a man's heart crowned ppr. on a chief sa. three escallops or, a bordure erm., for Graham. Crest and Motto, for Montgomery as Earl of Eglinton. Crest, for Graham—An escallop or. Motto—Spero meliora.
9) (Newton, co. Ayr, 1774). As Giffen, the cross charged with three cinquefoils in fess erm. for diff. Crest—A dexter hand holding a sword indented on the back like a saw ppr. Motto—Fideliter.
10) (Lanishaw, co. Ayr). Quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters, 1st and 4th, az. a bend betw. six cross crosslets fitchée or, for Mar, 2nd and 3rd, gu. a fret or, for Lyle; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, ar. on a fess az. three stars of the first, for Mitre, of Skeldon; en surtout, quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three rings or, gemmed az., for Eglinton. Crest—A cock rising ppr. Motto—An I may.
11) (Paris; descended from Lanishaw, 1860). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, counter-quartered, Montgomery and Eglinton, with a mullet or, in the centre and a bordure engr. or; 2nd and 3rd, counter-quartered, 1st and 4th, gu. a fret or, for Lyle, 2nd and 3rd, az. a bend betw. six cross crosslets fitchée or, for Mar. Crest and Motto, as Earl of Eglinton.
12) (Braidstane, co. Ayr; descended from a second brother of the third Lord Montgomerie). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, Eglinton; en surtout, ar. a boar’s head couped gu.
13) (Sir William de Montgomery, one of the knts. of the co. Derby, temp. Edward I. Visit. Notts. 1614). (Baron Montgomery, John de Montgomery was summoned to Parliament 1342, but never afterwards; he was appointed Captain of Calais and Admiral of the King's whole Fleet, 21 Edward III., a.d. 1237). Or, an eagle displ. az.
14) (Sir Thomas Montgomery, K.G., 4 Nov. 1476, d. II Jan. 1495). Gu. a chev. erm. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or.
15) (Hanby, co. Rutland; quartered by Overton, of Morecote, in same co.; Jane, dau. and co-heir of John Montgomery, temp. Henry VIII., m. Bartholomew Overton. Visit. Rutland, 1618). Or, an eagle displ. az. armed and beaked gu.
16) (co. Stafford). Erm. on a border gu. eight horseshoes or.
17) Ar. a cross engr. betw. four mullets gu. Crest—A mermaid ppr. holding a target or.
18) Gu. a lion ramp. or, a border of the last.
19) (borne by the late Rev. G. Augustus Montgomery, Rector of Bishopstone, Salisbury). Az. in chief two fleurs-de-lis and in base a mullet, a bordure engr. or. Crest—A lion couchant ar. semée-de-lis az. gorged with a collar or, fimbriated of the second.
20) (Earl of Mount Alexander, extinct 1757). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets or, gemmed az., for Eglington, all within a bordure gold, charged with a double tressure flory counterflory gu. on a surcoat of the last a sword and sceptre saltireways ppr. Crest—On a cap of maintenance a dexter gauntlet erect holding a dagger all ppr. Supporters— Dexter, a wivern vert, gorged with a viscount’s coronet or: sinister, an angel vested az. girded or, crined and winged of the last, over the shoulder a belt gu. a sword pendent ar. pommel and hilt gold. Motto—Honneur sans repos.
21) (George Montgomery, Bishop of Meath, 1611-21, brother of Sir Hugh Montgomery, first Viscount Montgomery, grandfather of Hugh, first Earl of Mount Alexander. Fun. Ent. Ulster's Office). Per pale gu. and az. a tilting spear or, and a sword point upwards ar. pommel and hilt gold in saltire betw. a fleur-de-lis in chief, two others in fess all of the third, and three gem rings in base, one and two of the last, gemmed of the fourth.
22) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Erm. a border gu. charged with six horseshoes and as many mullets alternately or.
23) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, erm. on a border gu. eight horseshoes ar.; 2nd and 3rd, az., an eagle displ. or.
24) (The Hall, co. Donegal, bart.; confirmed by Fortescue, Ulster, to Henry Conyngham Montgomery, Esq., son of Alexander Montgomery, and their descendants). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets or, gemmed az. all within a bordure ar. charged with shamrocks vert, on an escutcheon ar. a tilting; spear and sword in saltire ppr. Crest—On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a cubit arm armed, grasping a broken tilting spear ppr. Motto—Gardez bien.
25) (Belhavel, co. Leitrim;. Quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters, quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs- de-lis or, 2nd and 3rd, gu. three gemmed rings or, gemmed az., overall an escutcheon ar. charged with a trefoil slipped vert, for Montgomery; 2nd, az. three battle axes erect ar., for Batten; 3rd, per fesse or and az. three lions ramp. all within a tressure flory counterchanged, for Lyons. Crest: A cubit arm erect vested gu. cuffed ar. grasping a broken tilting spear, the point falling downwards ppr. Motto—Patriae infelici fidelis.
26) (Convoy House, co. Donegal). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets or, gemmed az., for Eglinton. Crest—An arm embowed in armour, the hand grasping a broken spear head drooping all ppr. Motto—Patriae infelici fidelis.
27) (Grey Abbey, co. Down). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montgomery; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets ar, gemmed az., for Eglinton; all within a bordure or, charged with a double tressure flory counterflory gu.; on an escutcheon ar. a sword and sceptre saltirewise ppr. Crest—Out of a cap of maintenance an arm in armour erect, grasping a sword.
28) (confirmed to Maj.-Gen. George Samuel Montgomery, C.S.I.). Gu. two spears in saltire betw. three fleurs-de-lis in chief and as many annulets in base or, stoned az., quartering Cole, Montgomeey, of Mount Alexander, Tipping, Tichborne, Bysse, &c. Crest—A dexter arm in armour embowed, the hand grasping a broken spear all ppr. Motto—Patriae infelice fidelis.
29) (exemplified to Conway Heatley, Esq., eldest son of William Heatley, Esq., by his wife, Anna Helena, dau. of William Montgomery, of Rosemount, co. Down, descended from a younger branch of Montgomery, extinct Earl of Mount Alexander, on his assuming, by royal licence, 1820, the surname of Montgomery only). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three gem rings or, stoned az. on an inescuteheon gu. a sword and sceptre in saltire ppr. the whole within a border of the second, a double tressure flory counterflory gu. Crest—On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a dexter gauntlet erect holding a dagger ppr. Motto—Honneur sans repos.
30) Montgommere - (co. Derby). Ar. an eagle displ. az. armed gu.
31) Montgomerie - (Earl of Eglington and Winton). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three fleurs-de-lis or, for Montogomeria; 2nd and 3rd, gu. three annulets or, stoned az., for Eglington; all within a bordure or, charged with a double tressure flory counterflory gu., for Seton. Crest—A female figure ppr. anciently attired az. holding in the dexter hand an anchor or, and in the sinister the head of a savage couped of the first. Supporters—Two wiverns vert vomiting fire ppr. Motto—Gardez bien.
32) Montgomerie - (Coylsfield, co. Ayr; younger son of sixth Earl of Eglinton, whose grandson s. as twelfth earl). As the last, with a crescent in the centre of the quarterings for diff.
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Montgomery Name
Surname Name Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
This is a local surname meaning “of Montgomerie”, which is a place near Lisieux, in Normandy, France. A great noble family of this name arose and the town of Montgomery, Wales bears their name. Roger de Montgomery accompanied William the Conqueror during the Norman Conquest and led part of his army at The Battle of Hastings. He was also called Roger Bigod (or Bigot). It derives from the Latin Mons Gomeris, meaning Gomer’s mount. Gomer, the son of Japher, the hereditary name of the Gauls. For his service, he was granted manors in several counties (ex. Sussex). He was made the Earl of Arundel and he obtained the earldom of Shewsbury in Shropshire in 1071 AD. A book called “The surnames of Scotland” by George Fraser Black claims “a noble Roman” was the root of this surname, and was a soldier who settled on a hill between Rome and Spain named Gomericus. Another source states it comes from a place near Calvados, France. It derives from the Old French word mont (hill) and a Germanic personal (first) name that contains the words guma (man) and ric (power). Once source claims the name was first found in Renfrewshire, Scotland and the manor of Eaglesham became the seat of the family. Roger’s grandson, Robert, went to Scotland with Walter Fitzalan.
Some spelling variants include Montgomerie, Montgomray, Mongomery, and Mungummery. In Ireland this surname has been Gaelicized as Mac Iomaire and in Scotland as Mac Gumaraid.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name ranks Montgomery ranks 246th in popularity in terms in the United Status as of the 2000 Census and the variant Montgomerie does not rank at all. The name is highest rank in the following eight states: Ohio, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The name ranks 759th in England. It ranks highest in the following counties: Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Warwickshire, and Cumberland. It ranks the following in other countries: Canada (508), Australia (531st), South Africa (1,842nd), Scotland (235th), Northern Ireland (66th), Ireland (857th), and New Zealand (525th). The 1890 book Homes of Family Names by H.B. Guppy states “A gentle family of Montgomery resided in Daventry last century; the ancient distinguished family of De Montgomery held extensive estates in Ecton between the 13th and the 16th centuries”.
Early Bearers of the Surname
In addition to Roger mentioned above, one of the earliest bearers of this last name was Hugo de Montgomeri who was documented in the Domesday Book of 1086 AD, which was a survey of England and Wales ordered by William the Conqueror. In Scotland, the first beater was Roger de Mundegumri who was recorded in 1165 AD. The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum, documents two people bearing this surname: Fulco de Mongomery in county Devon, Lucia de Mongomery in counting Nottinghamshire, and Gregory de Montgomery in county Salop. Early marriages involving this surname include Elizabeth Montgomery to John Dalton in 1530, Margaret Montgomery at St. George’s Hanover Square in 1745, and George Montgomerie to Elizabeth Lloyd in 1758.
History, Genealogy, and Ancestry
The famous genealogist Bernard Burke’s book “The Landed Gentry” discusses nine branches of this family: Montgomery of Bealieu, Montgomery-Moore of Garvey, Montgomery of Convoy House, Montgomery of Benvarden, Montgomery of Belhavel, Montgomery of Crilly House, Montgomery of Grey Abbey, Montgomery of Tyrella, and Montgomery of Blessingbourne. Lengthy lineages and pedigrees are given for each.
The discussion of Montgomery of Beauliue begins with Richard Thomas Montgomery, Esq. of Beaulieu in county Leath. He was a Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff in 1855. He was in the 3rd Light Dragoons. He was born in 1813 and in 1845 he married Frances Barbara, daughter of St. George Smith of Greenhills, and had seven children with her: Richard Johnston, Willoughby, Tichnorne, Sidney, Emily (married Reverend Lucius H. O’Brien), Rosa, and Violet. Burke traces the lineage to Alexander Montgomery, who was the first family member to settle in Ireland, and who was the Prebendary of county Donegal. He was brought there by Sir Hugh Montgomery (Viscount of). He married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Cunningham (Dean of Raphoe) and has a son with her named John. John was of Corghan and was a Major in the Army. He had three sons, the second of whom was Alexander Montgomerie. Alexander married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Cole of Ballyleck, in 1669. He left issue: Thomas (Member of Parliament for Lifford), John (Member of Parliament of Ballyleck), Matthew, Robert (of Brandrum who married Sarah Maxwell of Falkland), Dorcas (married Christopher Irvine), Sarah (married Godfrey Wills), and Elizabeth (John Moutray). The second son John was an Esquire and Member of Parliament for county Monaghan. He married Mary Cox, and had issue with her.
The second branch discussed is Montgomery-Moore of Garvey. It begins with a mention of Alexander George Montgomery Moore who was an Esquire of Garvey House in county Tyrone. He was a Colonel in the army and a Lieutenant-Colonel of the 4th Hussars. In 1857, he married Honorable Jane Colborne, daughter of Field-Marshal Lord Seaton. Burke traces the lineage back to Alexander Montgomery, Esq. of Ballyleck who with his second wife Eleanora, daughter and co-heir of Acheson Moore, had two daughters, Maria and Sidney, and a son named Nathaniel. Nathaniel was an Esq. of Garvey, Revella, and Fassaroe who was a Member of Parliament of Tyrone. He was Colonel of the Tyrone Militar and he assumed the surname and arms of his mother, Moore. He married Mary Anne, daughter of Alexander Boyd, in 1785 and had numerous children with her: Alexander James (his heir), Acheson, Nathaniel, Robert, James, Anna Maria, Sydney (married Thomas Smallcombe of Bath), and Ellen (married Colonel De Naucaze of the French service).
The third branch discussed begins with Robert James Montgomery, Esq. of Benvarden in county Antrim who was a Justice of the Peace and D.L. He was a former Captain in the 5th Dragoon Guards who served in Crimea. He was also High Sheriff in county Londonderry in 1867. In 1864, he married Elizabeth, the daughter of Robert James White and had four issue with her: Ion Alexander (1866), Francis James (1869), Janet Maude, and Elizabeth Barbara Isabel. Burke traces the lineage back to the great Scottish House of Montgomerie. Robert Montgomery was born in 1711 in Glenarm and in 1742 he married Isabella Stewart. He had issue with her, including a son named Hugh. Hugh was born in 1743 and married Margaret, daughter of John Allen. He had numerous issue, including his heir, John Montgomery who was born in 1790. John was a Justice of the Peace and D.L. He married Jane, daughter of Sir Andrew Fergusson, had several issue including Robert James (his heir), Barbara Anne (married Reverend Andrew Fegusson), and Isabella Dorthea. This family bore a coat of arms blazoned as follows: Quarterly; 1st and 4th, azure, three fleurs-de-lis or; 2nd and 3rd gules, three gem-rings or, gemmed azure.
The lineage of this family traces all the way back to Guilluame (or William) de Montegomeri who was born in France in 927 AD. He married Elizabeth Tripon and had a son named Hugues. Hugues (or Sir Hugh I) was born in 958 AD in St. Germain Montgomery, France. He married a woman named Josceline and together they had a son named Roger. Roger de Montgomery was born in 984 AD in the same city. He married a woman named Emma and had the following issue with her: Hugues, Robert, Guillaume, Gilbert, and Roger. Robert was born in 1022 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire. He married Mabile Belleme in 1048 AD in Perche, France and later married Adealis Breteuil in 1080 AD. He left behind the following children: Maud, Hugues, Rissa (de Berkeley), Arnoulf, Rober de Belleme, Roger, Sybil (FitzHamon), Philip, Emma, Mabel, Adeline, America, Ebrard, and Ponce. His son Arnoulf was born in 1048 AD in Pembroke, Wales. He married Lafracloth O’Brien and had three issue with her: Alice, Philip, and Alice (FitzGerald). His son Philip was born in 1102 in the same city. He married Margaret Dunbar in East Lothian Scotland. They had three children: Hugh, Robert, and Alice. His son Robert was born in Innerwick, Renfrewshire in 1125 AD. He married Marjory Margaret Stewart and had three issue with her: Alan, John, and William. Alan de Montgomery was born in 114 in Eagelsham, Scotland. He married a woman with the last name S.t Martin and had four issue with her: William, John, Henry, and Robert. His son John was born in 1170 in the same town. He married Helen Kent and had a son with her named Alan, who was born in 118 in Inerwick. Sir Alan had a son named John who was born in 1220 AD in Eastwood, Scotland. John married Margaret Murray and had the following issue: Murthaw, Margaret (Menteith), Alan, Thomas, and John. His son John was born in 1244 and married Janet Erskine. He had three children with her: Alexander, Marjory, and William. Alexander was born in 1305, married Margaret Douglas Dunbar and had a son with her named John. John Montgomery was born in 1338, known as Sir John, the 9th Lord of Eaglesham. He married Elizabeth Eglinton and had numerous issue with her: Hugh, John, Elizabrth, Alexander, Anne, Joanna, and another whose name was born recorded. His son John Montgomerie was born in 1362 and was known as Sir John, Knight and Lord of Ardrossan. He married Ages Isles and later Margaret Maxwell. He left behind the following children: Joanna (Boyd), Robert of Giffen, Hugh, Isabella, Agnes, Anna Anne (Cunningham), Isabel (Mure), and Alexander. His son Robert was born in 1383 and married Jane Murrey of Tulchadam. He had four children: John, William, Robert, and James.
William Montgomery was born in 1752 in Scotland. He married Rebekah Erwin and went to America. He had three children: Robert, Erwin, and Thomas Levi. His son Robert was born in 1773 in Guilford, North Caroline, United States. He married Sarah Hiatt and had a son named Hiatt and a daughter named Elmira. Hiatt was born in 1802 in Carroll, VA. He married Elizabeth Marby and had a daughter with her named Louisa Jane (born in 1832 and married Jackson Lewsy McPeak).
Early American and New World Settlers
James and Edmond Montgomery arrived in the Barbados in 1635 aboard the Alexander. A one Thomas Montgomery was appointed the Attorney General of Barbados. One of the earliest settlers with this surname in Canada was Henry Montgomery who came in 1816. One of the first settlers in colonial American with this last name was Adam Montgomery, who settled in Boston in 1694. Other early settlers include William Montgomery (New Jersey 1702), Ester Montgomery (Virginia 1724), Peter Montgomery (with children Francis & John, Maryland 1727), and Patrick Montgomery (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1746).
Frank Montgomery lived in Brooklyn, New York. He was the eldest son of Irving Montgomery Avery who was a Lieutenant 48th Regiment. He was born in 1847 and was educated at the University of Heidelberg in Germany and the University of the City of New York. He married Therese Marie, daughter of George Craddock of Philadelphia, PA and had three sons with her: Irving (1881), Henry Craddock (1885) and Marion Frances. He bore a coat of arms with the following blazon: Gules, a fess between three bezants or, Crest is two lion’s gambs or, supporting a bezant.
William Montgomery of Brigend, Ayrshire, Scotland came to New Jersey in 1706. He bore the following arms with the following blazon: Gules, three fleurs-de-lis or; quartering—Azure, three annulets or, stoned gules, all within a bordure engrailed of the second. Crest—A female figure, attired azure, in dexter hand an anchor or, in sinister a head.
The Montgomery family motto is 1) tout bien ou rien, meaning “All or nothing” or “Do it well or not at all”, 2) procedamus in pace, meaning “Let us proceed in peace”, 3) Spero meliora, meaning “I aspire (or hope) for greater things”, 4) Fideliter, meaning “Faithfully”, 5) An I may, 6) Honneur sans repos, meaning “Honor without rest”, 7) Gardez bien, meaning “Watch well” (Montgomery of Stanhope), and 8) Patriae infelici fidelis, meaning “Faithful to my strife-ridden country”.
We have 32 coats of arms for the Oakes surname depicted here. These 32 blazons are from Bernard Burke’s book The General Armory of England, Ireland, and Scotland, which was published in 1848. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it.
Later grantees of arms bearing this last name include: 1) Montgomerie after Molineux, of co. Norfolk, Captain Norfolk Militia , 2) Henry Herbert Earl of Pembroke , 3) Reverend George Augustus Montgomery, B.A. Oriel College, Oxf. Of Wiltshire , 4) Allenby H.C., of Gainsgate Hall, Long Sutton, county Lincolnshire , and 5) S. Hynman (Montgomery, formerly Allenby), of co. Linc. 1894.
Famous people with this last name include: 1) William Allen Montgomery (1829-1905) who was an American attorney, farmer, and Baptist minister in Tennessee who served as a chaplain in the Confederate Army during the America Civil War, 2) Alexander Montgomerie (1550-1598) who was a poet in the court of King James VI of Scotland and a Scottish Jacobean, 3) Zachariah Montogomery (1825-1900) who was a lawyer, politician, and published who became the Assistant Attorney General of the U.S., and 4) Edward William Montgomery (1865-1948) who served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba and was a minister in the government of John Bracken (11th Premier of Manitoba).
Montgomery Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main symbols in these “Montgomery family crests” are the annulet or gem ring, the fleur-de-lis, the eagle, and the ermine.
The most common form of household jewelry in heraldry is the ring or gem ring, shown with a jewel which may have a different colour. Wade, incorrectly terms the annulet a finger ring, but assigns the meaning of “fidelity” to it – more properly this meaning belongs to the gem ring. For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms.
Ermine and its variants is a very ancient pattern. It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature. Ermines is a variant in which the field is sable (black) and the ermine tails argent (white), the inverse of the normal pattern.
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 464, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!