Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) (Burport, co. Dorset). Bendy of ten az. and or.
2) Or, a lion saliant az. Crest—A demi cat ramp. guard. ppr.
This surname is a famous and well known one, tracing its roots all the way back to Montford-sur-Risle in Normandy, France. It is a locational surname which has its roots from the Olde French “mont”, basically meaning a hill combined with “fort” – defined as resilient and secure or impregnable. However, it could also be possible the name arose from different villages in Montford, but they all have French origin. It was recorded in the Oxford University Register in 1597, one John Mountford, and another time in the register of St. Margarets, in Westminster where William Momeforde was christened there in 1546. The first known recording of the surname was for Hugo de Montford, from the year 1089 in the doomsday Book. This book was used as the beginning of personal taxation also known as the Poll Tax in England.
More common variations are: Mumfored, Mamford, Momford, Mumferd, Memford, Mimford, Mumfred, Mumfort, Mumfird, Mumfurd, Mumphord, Mumfraid, Mumfreda, Mumfried, Mumfarida, Mumfaridah, Momfort.
The first known recording in England was during the reign of King William I. However, other names like Ralph de Munford came into record in the year 1159, in “Pipe Rolls of Kent” while Simon de Munford was recorded in 1242, in “Fine Court Rolls of Kent”.
Mumford, an Anglo-Saxon name is said to have evolved from a family that resided in the settlement, of Mumford in areas of Norfolk, Montford-Sur-Risle and such similar places in France. These surname belongs to huge category of Anglo-Saxon community, locational names deriving from pre-existing towns, villages, farmstead or parishes. Various elements of Latin, French and some other languages got mixed together and incorporated into English that lead to differentiation in spellings.
A group of people bearing the Mumford surname would eventually settle in the United States. Some of them include, Richard Mumford, William Mumford and Thomas Mumford who landed in Rhode Island, Thomas Mumford would eventually become an inspector general. During the 18th century, Debora Mumford arrive in Virginia in 1706 and Margaret Mumford settled in Maryland in 1729. John Mumford in 1846 would arrive in New York.
Some of the people who settled in New Zealand in 19th century includes, Jonathan Mumford and Ann Mumford in 1863, James Mumford in Wellington in the year 1866, Thomas Mumford in 1874, Amelia Mumford, a 41-year-old women arrived in the year 1874.
George Mumford is noted to have arrived in Nova Scotia in the year 1760.
James Friend Mumford, a 25 old man landed in South Australia in 1858 from the ship “Coniance”.
Alice Mumford (born in 1965) was born in Colombia and would be an artist and teacher at the Royal West of England Academy.
David Mumford (born ion 1937), he was a renowned famous American mathematician. He won the Fields Medal and was a MacArthur Fellow. He is a current professor at Brown University.
Eloise Mumford (born in 1986), is an American Television Actress.
Ethel Mumford (1878-1940), he was a famous American writer from New York.
George Mumford (died in 1818) turned out to be an American politician. He was the Congressional Representative from North Carolina.
Marcus Mumford (born in 1987), is part of the musical group Mumford and Sons. He was born in California to English parents.
Shane Mumford (was born in 1986), is a successful Australian footballer.
Mick Mumford, is a high ranking Australian military officer. He is now a part of the Australian Army Reserves.
Stephen Mumford, (born in 1965), is a current professor at The University of Nottingham. He is a philosopher and a professor of Metaphysics at the University.
James E. Mumford, is a successful educator and musician. He teaches at Indiana University.
Stephen Mumford is an expert on fertility and population growth and lives in Louisville, Kentucky.
Thomas Mumford is noted as one of the earliest Mumford ancestors in America. His family left England and landed in Rhode Island in 1664. His descendants would go on to populate much of the northeast.
The two main devices (symbols) in the Mumford blazon are the bendy and lion saliant. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Knowing that the bend is a diagonal stripe of colour, we can easily conclude that bendy is the variant whereby the whole of the shield is covered with diagonal stripes of alternating colours, usually around 4 or 5 of each colour. 6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bend We should not assign any particular significance to the choice of this pattern, but rather more to the colours they are composed of.
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion saliant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|2.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150|
|3.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27|
|4.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85|
|5.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|6.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Bend|
|7.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64|
|8.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141|