Oxley Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History
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Origin of England:
This unique surname is associated with an Anglo-Saxon origin, and it is also a regional name, acquiring from any of the different areas called, Oxley in Staffordshire, and Ox Lee, near Hepworth in West Yorkshire. The area which is situated in Staffordshire is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as “Oxelie,” and in the Fees Court Rolls of the Division of 1236, it is listed as “Oxeleg.” All regional names convey similar meanings and parts, which is “the clearing for oxen,” it was acquired in the 7th century from the Olde English word “Oxa,” which means a beast and “leah,” which means a clearance in a woodland, valley. This surname was acquired from the provincial businesspeople, or by the King of the Castle, and in particularly by those old citizens of a region who had migrated from one area to another area, and after settling in a new place they were best recognized by the name of their place of birth. The surname was first listed prior to the 13th Century and previous documentation consists of John de Oxley (1310, Devonshire), and Thomas Oxley (1505, Northamptonshire). Thomas Oxley and Isabel Parkins married at St. Stephan’s, Coleman Street, London, in April 1602.
More common variations of this surname are: Yoxley, Oxeley, Oexley, Oaxley, Oxly, O Oxley, Exley, Axley, Oxlee, Uxley.
The name Oxley first originated in Staffordshire where they held a family seat from ancient times, and their first documentation came on the fresh poll provided by the previous King of Britain to decide the rate of taxation of their activities.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert de Oxeleia, which was dated 1227, in the “Feet of Fines of Staffordshire.” It was during the time of King Henry III, who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” 11216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Oxley settled in the United States in four different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th. Some of the people with the name Oxley who settled in the United States in the 17th century included William Oxley settled in New Jersey in 1677. William Oxley landed in New Jersey in 1677.
Some of the people with the name Oxley who settled in the United States in the 18th century included John Oxley, who arrived in Virginia in 1704. Margaret Oxley, who landed in Maryland or Virginia in 1730 and Thomas and Margaret Oxley settled in Maryland in 1731.
Some of the people with the name Oxley who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Elizabeth Oxley her husband Thomas and daughter settled in Portsmouth Virginia in 1820. E. A. Oxley at the age of 40, who settled in America from London, in 1894.
Some of the people with the name Oxley who settled in the United States in the 20th century included Annie Oxley, at the age of 20, who came to America from Sheffield, in 1903. Alfred Oxley, at the age of 8, settled in America from London, in 1905. Alfred Oxley at the age of 42, who shifted to the United States from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1907. Edith Oxley at the age of 23, landed in America from London, England, in 1911. Anna Oxley, at the age of 25, who landed in America from Killucan, Ireland, in 1914.
Some of the people with the name Oxley who settled in Canada in the 18th century included George Oxley and Mary Oxley both arrived in Nova Scotia in the same year in 1774.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Oxley: United States 5,306; England 6,550; Uruguay 306; Brazil 238; Australia 1,552; Scotland 263; Canada 675; South Africa 822; Germany 269; New Zealand 241.
Adam Oxley was an Australian rules football player.
Alan Oxley was an Australian representative.
Alan Rice-Oxley was a British flying champion during World War I.
Bernard Oxley was an English football player.
Bill Oxley, English professional rugby league football player.
Cyril Oxley was an English football player.
David Oxley was an English artist.
Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) Az. three peacocks’ heads erased or. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or, a peacock ppr.
2) (Ripon, co. York). Motto—Tam aris quam aratris. Ar. a fess gu. betw. three oxen sa. Crest—An ox’s head couped sa. charged with three erm. spots or.
3) (co. York). Ar. on a fess gu. betw. three church bells az. as many crosses pattée of the field.