Pettus Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Pettus Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Pettus:
According to early recordings, this surname has many different spellings such as Pitt, Pitts, Pett, Petts, Pott, Potts, Pettus, Pates, Patis, Patise, Pettis, and Pettys. It is a surname of early 7th century Olde English and Anglo-Saxon origins. It is usually geographical and derives from the Olde English pre 7th-century word “pytt” which mean a hole or empty place, and where relevant combined with the word ‘-hus’ which mean a house. It is also idiomatically ‘disguised’ as -es, -en, – ys, or -ise. In this case, the name may also be locational from one of the areas called Pitt in Hampshire, or Pett in East Sussex. Early examples of the surname listings contain Thomas de la Pitte in the 1225 Assize Court Rolls of Somerset, and Roger de Petts in the London rolls of 1276. Other interesting listings of the surname showing its advancement over the centuries contain William Bitheputte of Somerset in 1277, Johan atte Pitte of Surrey in 1294, and Thomas in the Pyt of Worcestershire in about 1300. James Pettes at St Michael Cornhill, in 1562, and John Patyes at St Andrews Holborn, all are in the city of London, and are all examples of the latest combination of spellings. The most familiar of the name holders was perhaps William Pitt, the youthful (1759 – 1806), the youngest ever prime minister of England, from 1783 to his death.
More common variations are: Pettius, Peuttus, Petteus, Pettues, Peattus, Petts, Petus, Pettis, Pettes, Pettas.
The origins of the surname Pettus found in Norfolk where people held a family seat from early times as Kings of Palace. After the War of Hastings in 1066. William Duke of Normandy, having conquered over King Harold, donated most of Britain to his many conquering Barons. It was not usual to find a Baron, with 60 or more lordships stretched all over the country. These he provided to his son, nephews and other offspring of his family and they became familiar as under-tenants. After many difficult battles between his Barons, Duke William, authorized a poll of all of England in 1086, arriving once and for all, who held which estates or lands. He named the census the Domesday Book, explaining that those bearers recorded would hold the estates till the end of time. So, finally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the estates of Rackheath, made by Godric, Steward of the Lord who was registered in the Domesday Book census of 1086.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Geruase de la Puette, dated about 1182, in the Pipe Rolls of Sussex. The origin of the surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varietions of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Pettus settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Pettus who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Theodore Pettus arrived in Virginia in 1622-1623. Thomas Pettus, Eliz Pettus, and Stephen Pettus all are arrived in Virginia respectively in the years 1638, 1657 and 1664.
Some of the people with the surname Pettus who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Joseph Pettus landed in Mobile, Ala in the year 1858.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Pettus: United States 6,070; South Africa 1; New-Zealand 5; Spain 1; Cyprus 1; Japan 1; China 2; France 2; Canada 28; India 1
Edmund Pettus was an army General in the American Civil War.
John J. Pettus was a 19th-century United States lawmaker and politician. He played a major role in politics with his outstanding services, and he is also a congressman.
Pettus Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Pettus blazon are the annulet, fess and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and ermine .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims. 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19
The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 13A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172 14Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63 15Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 16A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 17The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60, a sentiment echoed equally today.