Playford Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Playford Family Coat of Arms

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Playford Coat of Arms Meaning

Playford Name Origin & History

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Playford Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Playford blazon are the fleur-de-lis, lion rampant and castle. The two main tinctures (colors) are vert and gules.

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.

Architectural items, from individual components to entire buildings 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 92 feature frequently as charges In a coat of arms. Not surprisingly, considering the times from which many arms date, fortifications are common. The castle is perhaps second only to the tower in this usage, and often described in some detail as to its construction, the disposition of windows and so on. 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Castle Continental examples also sometimes include attackers on scaling ladders. Wade tells us that the appearance of a castle indicates “granduer and solidity” and one can understand why. 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P100

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Playford Name

Playford Origin:

England

Origins of Playford:

According to the early recordings of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed as Playford and the dialectals Playfote and Playfoot, this is an English geographical surname. It started from Playford in Suffolk and noted as “Plegeforda” in the Domesday Book of 1086. The translation of Hamlet name from the pre 7th century Olde English is the “plega” which means “sport” and “forda”, which means a shallow river crossing. It shows a place where sporting contests were held, and close to a ford. Related games in the sense of team sports did not exist until the 18th century, so ‘Playford’ was probably an area set aside for archery or running or possibly horse racing, and so, the advancement eventually became Playfoot. The surname from this origin was first listed in the first half of the 12th Century, while later recordings derived from existing church records and charters contain as Richard Playfote of Colchester in Essex, in the year 1310, and Andrew Playford, who named at Ingham, Suffolk, in November 1545, in the reign of King Henry VIII. The blazon of the Royal symbol given in Suffolk, has a green field charged with silver lion rampant, on a red chief, a gold fleur de lis between two silver castles.

Variations:

More common variations are: Plaford, Playford, Blayford, Palyford, Pulford, Pilford, Pelford, Blaford, Polford, Palford.

England:

The origins of the surname Playford appeared in Cheshire where people held a family seat from old times. Some say better before the success of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings1066 A.D.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Fulcher de Pleiforda, dated about 1130, in the “Pipe rolls of the county of Suffolk”. It was during the time of King Henry I, who was known to be the “The Lion of Justice”, dated 1100-1135. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Playford had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

Canada:

People with the surname Playford who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Arthur Playford, a gentleman, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig “Retrench” from London, England.

Australia:

Some of the individuals with the surname Playford who landed in Australia in the 19th century included John Playford arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship “John Renwick” in 1837,

Here is the population distribution of the last name Playford: England 1,043; Australia 577; United States 465; Canada 457; Wales 56; New Zealand 47; Scotland 39; Spain 13; Zimbabwe 5; France 2.

Notable People:

Henry Playford (1657 – c. 1707) was an English music publisher, the younger son and only known remaining child of John Playford, with whom he entered into business. He resided in Arundel Street in London and had a shop near Temple Church 1685–1695 then in Temple Change 1695–1704 and finally in Middle Temple Gate in 1706. Many of his publications were of a transient nature and aimed at favorite songs and instrumental pieces for public entertainments, such as the pleasure garden concerts much in vogue.

John Playford (1623–1686) was a London bookseller, journalist, minor writer, and member of the Stationers’ Company, who published books on music theory, instruction books for many instruments, and books with tunes for singing in churches. He is perhaps best known today for his publication of The English Dancing Master in the year 1651.

Francis Playford (1825 –September 1896) was a British rower who won the Wingfield Sculls in 1849 and the pairs cars at Henley Royal Regatta.

Herbert Harlee Playford (1831 –January 1883) was a British rower who won the Wingfield Sculls and the Diamond Challenge Sculls at Henley Royal Regatta. He was instrumental in founding London Rowing Club and the Metropolitan Regatta.

Playford Family Gift Ideas

Browse Playford family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (cos. Kent, Norfolk, and Suffolk). V ert a lion ramp. ar. on a chief gu. a fleur-de-lis or, betw. two castles of the second. Crest—A leopard sejant ppr.
2) Gu. a fleur-de-lis or.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
11. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141
12. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 92
13. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Castle
14. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P100