Plowman Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Plowman Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origin of Plowman:
Listed in many spelling forms, some far removed from the original pattern or style. It is an English surname. These formations consist of Ploughman, Plowman, Plumen, Plimmin, Plimmon and also Pleming. All of these are professional nicknames to describe a ploughman or farmer, the most prominent of all are old land workers. This name was acquired from the old English pre 7th-century word “ploh,” a farm and “mann,” an able man. The name is also used for a manufacturer of ploughs or farmers, since planting was shared during farming season by all male workers of the agricultural area. The surname probably is one of the oldest listed, and examples contain as Philip Ploman of Essex in the year 1225, John le Plouman of Lincoln in the year 1275, John Plowman of Lincoln in 1345, and John Plewman of Yorkshire in the year 1560. According to documents in the remaining records of the district of Greater London, are those of George Pleming, named at St Giles Cripplegate, in July 1691, and Richard Pliymin, assistance at St Pauls, Deptford, Kent, in November 1755.
More common variations of this surname are: Ploowman, Palowman, Ploman, Plwman, Blowman, Plouman, Plewman, Poloman, Plomann, Plohman.
The name Plowman was first documented in Westmorland, where the Plowman family held a seat from old times as Kings of the Castle. The Saxon effect on English history declined after the Campaign of Hastings in 1066. French was the language of court for the next three centuries, and the Norman rule overcame. Instead of this, many surnames of Anglo-Saxon origin remained, and the family name Plowman first introduced in the year 1223 when Robert Plouman guarded lands in the northern district of Westmorland.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Pleueman, which was dated 1223, in the “Curia Regis” Rolls for Wiltshire. The origin of surnames during that time became an important requirement for the development of particular taxation.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Plowman settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Plowman who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Plowman, who arrived in Virginia in 1638. Edward Plowman, who shifted in Virginia in 1638. Fra Plowman who settled in Virginia in 1663. William Plowman, who landed in Barbados in 1664.
Some of the people with the name Plowman who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Jonathan Plowman, who came to Virginia in 1700. William Plowman moved to Virginia in 1726. John Plowman, who shifted to Maryland in 1749. Thomas Plowman, who settled in America in 1760-1763.
Some of the people with the name Plowman who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Charlotte Plowman, who settled in Philadelphia in 1818. Anthony Plowman, who came to Baltimore in 1829. E. Plowman, who moved from Ireland to New York in 1852. George Frederick Plowman, who came in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1871.
Some of the people with the name Plowman who settled in Australia in the 19th century included John Plowman at the age of 25, who was a worker, landed in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship “Fatima.”
Some of the people with the name Plowman who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included William E. Plowman at the age of 18, who was a boot manufacturer, moved to Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Rooparell” in 1874.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Plowman: United States 4,341; England 1,764; Australia 997; Scotland 118; Canada 416; South Africa 219; Wales 56; New Zealand 315; Hong Kong 71; Ireland 55.
Anna-Louise Plowman (born c. 1972), is a New Zealand actress and entertainer.
Arthur J. Plowman (1872-1942), was an American leader.
Sir Anthony Plowman (1905–1993) was the second judge of the High Court.
Jon Plowman (born 1953), is a British television director.
Jonathan Plowman Jr. (1717–1795), was an American rebel
Max Plowman (1883–1941), was a British author and peace advocate.
Thomas S. Plowman (1843–1919), was an American congressman.
Tony Plowman (born 1939), is an Australian leader.
Plowman Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Plowman blazon are the cross and savage. The two main tinctures (colors) are vert and argent.
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 9A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.
Heraldry is a human art, by and for people and it is not surprising that people themselves are frequently depicted in arms 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P174. As well as the nobility themselves, we also see both the mundane, ploughmen, fishermen and reapers; and the exotic in the form of club wielding savagesand the Moorish or Saracen gentleman with his decorative wreathed turban 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P168.