Reath Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Reath Coat of Arms and Family Crest
More common variations are: MacCrae, MacCraith, MacCrath, MacCraw, MacCray, MacCrea, MacCree, MacCreight, MacCrie, MacReagh, MacRae, MacRay, MacRie and much more
The surname Reath first appeared in Inverness-shire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Nis) parted between the present day Scottish Cabinet Areas of Highland and Western Islands, and consisting of a large northern mainland area and different island areas off the west coast, the shire was anciently both a Pictish and Norwegian stronghold, but their old history often clouded with opinion. It appears certain that they resided before the 14th century at Clunes, to the west of Inverness in the areas of the Fraser Tribe. Consequently, the family has always been friendly towards that Tribe. From about 1400, they moved to the location with which they readily associated, Kintail.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Reath landed in the United States in the 19th century. Some of the people with the name Reath who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Michael Reath at the age of 45, landed in New York in the year 1812.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first started to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest royal symbols do not include a slogan. Mottoes sometimes form part of the grant of arms as Under most heraldic authorities, a slogan is an optional element of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to present a motto. Motto: Fortitudine Motto Translation: With fortitude.
Reath Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Reath blazon are the cross engrailed and garb. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and sable.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P67. The pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.
Europe in the middle ages was still a largely agrarian society, and the wealth of the nobility resided in their estates and land. Since most people still lived and worked on the land they would find farm implements instantly recognisable, (an important feature for a coat of arms), even if they seem obscure to us today. 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 86 The garb for example is an ancient word for wheatsheaf, something now more frequently seen in Inn signs than in the field! 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Garbe