Roch Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Roch Name
Origins of Roch:
This unusual name acquires from the French geographical name “Roche,” for a person who resided by a rocky mountain or “Les Roches” a place name in Normandy. From this origin, it became spread widely in England and Ireland after the Norman attack in the later 11th Century. It became a completely Hibernized name, spread widely in Munster and Wexford, where the original Roche settlers in Ireland were found. The place name Rochestown usually occurs in Wexford, Cork, and Kilkenny (Ireland). There is also an indication of the control of a powerful family of Roches in Fermoy, Division Cork, where a large region of land is known as “Roches division.” Early recordings of the name in England contain a Lucas de Roches recorded in Hampshire in 1249 and a Ralph de la Roche in the Pipe Rolls of Cornwall in 1195. William Roache was noted as a small land holder in the new world of Barbados, in the West Indies, near the year 1678 – 1680. Father Philip Roche passed away for his important part in the 1798 Rebellion in Ireland, as did one Edward Roche. Sir Boyle Roche (1743 – 1807) was well-known for his wit and “bulls.”
More common variations are: Roach, Reoch, Rouch, Rioch, Rooch, Roach, Hroch, Roc’h, Rocah, Rochh.
The surname Roch first appeared in division Limerick, founded in Southwestern Ireland, in the county of Munster, where they were given lands by Strongbow whom they followed into Ireland during the Anglo- Norman Conquest of 1172.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of John de Roches, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book(Bedfordshire).” It was during the time of King William who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” dated 1066 – 1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Roch had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Roch landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Roch who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Roch, who landed in Virginia in 1643. Symon Roch, who landed in Virginia in 1654. Morris Roch, who arrived in Virginia in 1656. David Roch, who came to Virginia in 1661.
People with the surname Roch who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Cath Roch, who landed in Virginia in 1715. Elizabeth Roch, who landed in Virginia in 1725. Mary Roch, who landed in Virginia in 1725. Henrey Roch arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732. Jurick Mich Roch, who came to Pennsylvania in 1738.
The following century saw more Roch surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Roch who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Jacob Roch landed in New York, NY in 1847.
Individuals with the surname Roch settled in Canada in two different centuries respectively in the 19th Some of the individuals with the name Roch who came to Canada in the 19th century included Paul Moritz Roch, who landed in Quebec in 1850.
Some of the population with the surname Roch who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Hungerford Roch arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Ida Zeigler” in 1863.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Roch: France 6,870; Germany 1,883; Canada 1,798; Mexico 1,230; Morocco 1,208; Spain 1,174; United States 1,156; Switzerland 1,143; Poland 716; Brazil 715.
Gilles Roch was born in August 1952 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He is a political leader in Manitoba, Canada.
Gustav Roch (December 1839–November 1866) was a German mathematician.
Philippe Roch (born 1949) was a Swiss civil servant.
Walter Francis Roch (January 1880–March 1965), was an MP (Lib.) for Pembrokeshire from 1908 to 1918 and was a Welsh political leader and landholder.
Roch Coat of Arms Meaning
The main device (symbol) in the Roch blazon is the fleur-de-lis. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180|
|2.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313|
|3.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|4.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|6.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3|
|7.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134|
|8.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489|