Rokes Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Rokes Family Coat of Arms

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Rokes Coat of Arms Meaning

Rokes Name Origin & History

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Rokes Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Rokes blazon are the fleur-de-lis and rook. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, gules and argent .

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.4The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489

Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233. In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crow, raven, rook and many older names are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same appearance 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P164. Wade discusses the symbolism of the crow, disputing Sloane-Evans suggestion as an emblem of “long life” and preferring “a settled habitation and a quiet life” instead. 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P81

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Rokes Name

Origins of Rokes:
Rokes is an old Anglo-Saxon name.  It was a name given to a person who was a person who because of their physical characteristics are known as a rook.  A broad and diverse class of surnames, nickname surnames related to a characteristic of the first person who used the name.  They can show the bearer ‘s favored style of clothing, appearance, customs, or character.  In this example, the surname relates to those individuals who have black hair or dark color.  One relatively recent invention that did much to regulate English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention, even the most literate people noted their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations of which the name Rokes has appeared include as Rook, Rooke, Rookes, Rooks, Roke and much more.

Variations:
More common variations are: Rookes, Roakes, Roukes, Rockes, Rojkes, Roikes, Rojkes, Riokes, Rokesi, Roks, Rkes.

England:
The surname Rokes first appeared in Oxfordshire where Geoffrey le Roke, William le Ruk, and Adam le Roc were all noted in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273.  A few years later during the rule of King Edward III (1312-1377), Richard le Rouke and Hugh le Rook noted as holding lands in Somerset.

United States of America:
An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists showed that people bearing the name Rokes arrived in North America very early: Daniel Rooke settled in Virginia in 1652.  Samuel Rooke settled in Virginia in 1654.  Samuel Rooke settled in Boston in 1712.  Thomas Rooke settled in Virginia in 1650.

Motto:
Motto: Efflorescent cornices dum micat sol. Motto Translation: Rooks will flourish while the sun shines.

Rokes Family Gift Ideas

Browse Rokes family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (co. Bedford). Ar. a fess flory counterflory gu. betw. three rooks sa.
2) Sa. a cross quarter pierced ar. charged with four rooks of the first.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
5. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
13. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P164
14. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P81