Stowell Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Stowell Name
Origins of Stowell:
Listed as Stawell, Stowell, and Stowelle, this is an English surname. It is locational from any of the several places named with the Olde English pre 7th Century “stan”, meaning stony, and “wella”, a spring or stream. These places contain as Stowell near Northleach in Gloucestershire, listed as “Stanuuella” in the Domesday Book of 1086. Stowell in Somerset, appearing as “Stanwelle” in the Domesday Book, Stowell in Wiltshire, entered as “Stowelle” in the Charter Rolls of that county, dated 1300, and also Stawell, near Bridgewater, Somerset, noted respectively as “Stawelle” in the Domesday Book, and as “Stanwelle” in the 1279 Hundred Rolls of Somerset. The “n” was frequently lost before “w” as many of the above records show. Locational surnames advanced when old inhabitants of a place moved to another area, usually to search for work, and best identified by the name of their birthplace. Early examples of the surname include as Richard de Stawell (Wiltshire, 1273) and Lecia Stowelle (Cambridgeshire, 1273). In 1591, one John Stowell of Somerset entered in the “Oxford University Register”.
More common variations are: Stoweull, Stowuell, Stowwell, Stowellw, Stowel, Stoell, Stwell, Stowll, St Howell, Sitwell.
The surname Stowell first discovered in Somerset where they were Lords of the estate of Cothelston and held a family seat at that location centuries before the Norman Success of England in 1066 AD. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Adam de Stawell, dated 1272, in the Hundred Rolls of Somerset. It was during the reign of King Edward 1, who was known as “The Hammer of the Scots”. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Stowell landed in the United States in four different centuries respectively in 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th. Some of the people with the name Stowell who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Samuel Stowell, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1635. Samuel Stowell settled in Hingharn Massachusetts in 1640. Ralph Stowell who settled in Virginia in 1641. Ralph Stowell, who landed in Virginia in 1641. Jonath Stowell, who arrived in Virginia in 1652. People with the surname Stowell who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Barth Stowell, who landed in Virginia in 1705. Caleb Stowell, who arrived in South Carolina in the year 1728. Caleb Stowell settled in South Carolina in the year 1728. The following century saw more Stowell surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Stowell who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included L Stowell, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851. C. Stowell settled in San Francisco, California in the year 1862. People with the surname Stowell who landed in the United States in the 20th century included George Stowell, who landed in Arkansas in 1903.
Stowell Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Stowell blazon are the dove and cross masculy. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233. In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The dove is an example of this, closely related birds such as pigeon and stock dove are frequently mentioned in arms but visually almost identical. 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Dove The dove itself is said to represent “loving constancy and peace” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P80, the other birds possibly some play on words with the family name (PIDGEON for example).
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, the cross masculy is a particularly interesting variant. The mascle is a diamond shaped charge, actually a lozenge voided (with the background showing through). Hence the cross masculy is a cross made up of a number of mascles, touching at the outer points. A striking and effective charge in whatever colour is chosen.