Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Lozengy erm. and az.
Lozengy erm. and az.
It is an Olde English locational name which acquires from the components “taelf,” which means “a plain” and “forda,” which means “a not deep river bridge.” There are many regions named in the 1086 Domesday Book, the common spelling being “Tejleford” of “Tevellsford,” the divisions being Somerset, Warwickshire, and Berkshire. Some name heritors may acquire from the old French love name for a fighter “Taille-Fer” one who fights with iron, the surname as Telford or Telpher regularly listed beside each other in previous registers. What is sure is that the name does not acquire from Telford in Shropshire, this is a “new” town, ultimately called after the famous Thomas Telford (1757 – 1834), who was himself born in Scotland. The advance name spellings contain as Tailford (1597), Tilford (1684), Talyfer (1598), Tilfard (1642), Telforth (1630), while the new popular spelling as Telford first listed in 1661 (Katherine Telford of London).
More common variations are: Tellford, Telfourd, Teleford, Tlford, Telefford, Tilford, Talford, Tulford, Delford, Telfort.
The origins of the surname Telford are found in Huntingdonshire, where people were defeated from Taillefer of Normandy, jester to King William, Duke of Normandy, who asked the Duke for help at Hastings in 1066.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Johanne Tayleford, dated about 1562, named after “St. Martin’s parish”, Ludgate, London. It was during the time of Queen Elizabeth I, who was known to be the “Good Queen Bess,” dated 1558-1603. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Telford had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Telford settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Telford who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Mary Telford arrived in Charles, South Carolina in 1772. John Telford landed in Virginia in 1774. Francis Telford settled in New York in 1796.
The following century saw more Telford surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Telford who settled in the United States in the 19th century included George Telford at the age of 42 landed in New York in 1812. James Telford and John Telford, both landed in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania respectively in the years 1840 and 1842. William Telford and Thomas Telford, both landed in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania respectively in the years 1844 and 1848.
Some of the people with the surname Telford who settled in Australia in the 19th century included John Telford, an English prisoner from Northumberland, shifted aboard the ship “Asia” in July 1823. Leonard Telford at the age of 17 landed in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “Taymouth Castle.” Robert Telford at the age of 44 landed in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship “ Mansoon.”
Some of the people with the surname Telford who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included John Telford landed in Wellington, New-Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant. William Telford at the age of 38 and Margaret Telford at the age of 30, both arrived in Nelson aboard the same ship “New-Zealand’ in the same year 1842.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Telford: United States 3,995; England 3,931; Australia 2,076; Canada 1,407; South Africa 365; Scotland 689; Wales 135; Germany 168; New-Zealand 383; Northern Ireland 525.
Anthony Telford (born 1966), is an American retired Major League Baseball pitcher.
Bill Telford was a New Zealand rugby league player in the 1920s and referee in the ’50s and ’60s.
Billy Telford (born 1956), is an older English football player.
Carly Telford (born 1987), is an English football player.
Dick Telford (born 1945), is an Australian sports scientist and old Australian rules football player.
Dom Telford (born 1996), is an English football player.
Don Telford (c. 1902–c. 1980), was an Australian player in rugby union.
James Lyle Telford (1889-1960), was a Canadian leader, saint of Vancouver.
Mary Jewett Telford (1839-1906), was an American Civil War nurse.
Robert Telford (1860-1933), was a Canadian head and leader.
Thomas Telford (1757–1834), was a Scottish civil engineer.
William Pattison Telford, Sr. (1836-1922), was a Canadian financier and representative of Parliament.
William Pattison Telford, Jr. (1867-1955), was a Canadian representative of Parliament.
Zoe Telford (born 1973), is an English actress.
The main device (symbol) in the Telford blazon is the lozengy. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and azure.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 1A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
Anyone who has seen a typical Jester’s or Harlequin’s outfit has seen the treatment known as lozengy – a pattern of interlocking diamonds of two different colours 6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lozengy. It normally covers the whole field of the shield, as in the ancient arms of FITZ-WILLIAM, Lozengy, argent and gules, a striking example of the form.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69|
|2.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39|
|3.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28|
|4.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure|
|5.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|6.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lozengy|