Origins of Telford:
It is an Olde English locational name which acquires from the components "taelf," which means "a plain" and "forda," which means "a not deep river bridge." There are many regions named in the 1086 Domesday Book, the common spelling being "Tejleford" of "Tevellsford," the divisions being Somerset, Warwickshire, and Berkshire. Some name heritors may acquire from the old French love name for a fighter "Taille-Fer" one who fights with iron, the surname as Telford or Telpher regularly listed beside each other in previous registers. What is sure is that the name does not acquire from Telford in Shropshire, this is a "new" town, ultimately called after the famous Thomas Telford (1757 - 1834), who was himself born in Scotland. The advance name spellings contain as Tailford (1597), Tilford (1684), Talyfer (1598), Tilfard (1642), Telforth (1630), while the new popular spelling as Telford first listed in 1661 (Katherine Telford of London).
More common variations are: Tellford, Telfourd, Teleford, Tlford, Telefford, Tilford, Talford, Tulford, Delford, Telfort.
The origins of the surname Telford are found in Huntingdonshire, where people were defeated from Taillefer of Normandy, jester to King William, Duke of Normandy, who asked the Duke for help at Hastings in 1066.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Johanne Tayleford, dated about 1562, named after "St. Martin's parish", Ludgate, London. It was during the time of Queen Elizabeth I, who was known to be the “Good Queen Bess," dated 1558-1603. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Telford had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Telford settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Telford who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Mary Telford arrived in Charles, South Carolina in 1772. John Telford landed in Virginia in 1774. Francis Telford settled in New York in 1796.
The following century saw more Telford surnames arrive. Some of the people with the name Telford who settled in the United States in the 19th century included George Telford at the age of 42 landed in New York in 1812. James Telford and John Telford, both landed in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania respectively in the years 1840 and 1842. William Telford and Thomas Telford, both landed in Allegany Division, Pennsylvania respectively in the years 1844 and 1848.
Some of the people with the surname Telford who settled in Australia in the 19th century included John Telford, an English prisoner from Northumberland, shifted aboard the ship “Asia” in July 1823. Leonard Telford at the age of 17 landed in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “Taymouth Castle.” Robert Telford at the age of 44 landed in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship “ Mansoon.”
Some of the people with the surname Telford who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included John Telford landed in Wellington, New-Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant. William Telford at the age of 38 and Margaret Telford at the age of 30, both arrived in Nelson aboard the same ship “New-Zealand' in the same year 1842.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Telford: United States 3,995; England 3,931; Australia 2,076; Canada 1,407; South Africa 365; Scotland 689; Wales 135; Germany 168; New-Zealand 383; Northern Ireland 525.
Anthony Telford (born 1966), is an American retired Major League Baseball pitcher.
Bill Telford was a New Zealand rugby league player in the 1920s and referee in the '50s and '60s.
Billy Telford (born 1956), is an older English football player.
Carly Telford (born 1987), is an English football player.
Dick Telford (born 1945), is an Australian sports scientist and old Australian rules football player.
Dom Telford (born 1996), is an English football player.
Don Telford (c. 1902–c. 1980), was an Australian player in rugby union.
James Lyle Telford (1889-1960), was a Canadian leader, saint of Vancouver.
Mary Jewett Telford (1839-1906), was an American Civil War nurse.
Robert Telford (1860-1933), was a Canadian head and leader.
Thomas Telford (1757–1834), was a Scottish civil engineer.
William Pattison Telford, Sr. (1836-1922), was a Canadian financier and representative of Parliament.
William Pattison Telford, Jr. (1867-1955), was a Canadian representative of Parliament.
Zoe Telford (born 1973), is an English actress.