Van Leeuwen Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Van leeuwen Family Coat of Arms

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Van leeuwen Coat of Arms Meaning

Van leeuwen Name Origin & History

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Van leeuwen Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Van Leeuwen blazon are the cock, eel, tree and lion passant. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, gules and or .

Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The cock, and other members of its avian family are often found in coats of arms, although telling them apart simply from their images can sometimes be a challenge! Many times the precise choice of species arises as a play on words on the family name, sometimes now lost in history. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cock The cock itself, Wade points out is a “bird of great courage” and might be used as a symbol of “watchfullness”, being the herald of the dawn. 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P80

Fish in great variety abound in Heraldry, many different species inhabit coats of arms 11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P150, although truth be told many of the actual images are sometimes indistinguishable, being shown as a stylised, and easily recognised “trout” shape 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P137 that a child might draw. The actual name used in the coat of arms may be some play-on-words or allusion to the family name, as in the famous arms of the de Lucy family, being “Gules, three lucies or”, 13Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 79 this being an ancient name for the fish we call today a “pike”. It is possible that the eel, also known as a grigg has been used in this fashion, or it may simply relate to some fishing activity in the history of the family.

Amongst the natural objects depicted on a coat of arms, trees feature frequently, either in whole or as individual branches and leaves. 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P94, 262, 407. Sometimes the species or the part of tree was chosen as an allusion to the name of the bearer, as in Argent three tree stumps (also known as stocks) sable” for Blackstock 15A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P309 Trees of course had long been venerated and its use in a coat of arms may have represented some association with the god Thor 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P112

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Van leeuwen Name

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Hollande D'or à un coq hardi de gueules. English: Or a brazen cockerel (with leg raised and head high) gules.
2) Hollande D'or au lion de gueules adextré de trois fleurs-de-lis d'azur rangées en pal. English: Or a lion gules to the dexter three fleur-de-lys azure in pale.
3) Hollande Coupé d'or à un oiseau de gueules sur argent à une anguille de sable en fasce à la fasce échiquetée d'azur et d'argent brochant sur le coupé. English: Per fess or a bird gules over argent an eel sable fesswise, a fess checky azure and argent covering over the partition.
4) Hollande D'argent à un arbre terrassé de sinople adextré d'un bouc rampant et contourné d'or et senestré de trois fers de moulin de sable 2 et 1. English: Argent a tree on mount vert to the dexter a goat rampant and reversed or and to the sinister three millrinds sable 2 and 1.
5) Leyde, Brielle D'argent au lion naissant de sable armé lampassé et couronné d'or en chef et trois billettes couchées du dernier 2 et 1 en pointe Cimier le lion issant d'une cuve de sable cerclée de deux pièces d'or. English: Argent a demi-lion sable armed and langued and crowned or in chief and three billets fesswise (on their sides) of the last 2 and 1 in base Crest: the lion issuant from a barrel sable with two rings or.
6) Nimègue, Schiedam D'or à deux lions affrontés de gueules rampants contre un tronc d'arbre au naturel le lion de senestre regardant le tout soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople Cimier un lion issant de gueules Lambrequin d'or et de gueules. English: Or two lions affrontant gules rampant against the trunk of a tree proper the lion to the sinister reguardant all standing on a mount vert Crest: a lion issuant gules Mantling: or and gules.
7) Leyde Coupé au 1 d'azur à un coeur d'argent brochant sur une flèche d'or posée en barre la pointe en bas au 2 d'or au lion de gueules Cimier une flèche d'or posée en pal la pointe en bas entre un vol d'azur. English: Per fess 1st azure a heart argent covering over an arrow or bendwise sinister the point downwards 2nd or a lion gules Crest: an arrow or palewise the point downwards between a pair of wings azure.
8) Leyde Parti au 1 d'or au lion de gueules armé et lampassé d'argent au 2 de sable à la croix ancrée d'argent Cimier le lion issant (Armes de Simon van Leeuwen auteur de l'ouvrage Batavia Illustrata la Haye 1685). English: Per pale 1st or a lion gules armed and langued argent 2nd sable a cross moline argent Crest: the lion issuant (Arms of Simon van Leeuwen author of the work “Batavia Illustrata la Haye 1685).
9) Hollande Coupé au 1 d'argent à un arbre de sinople senestré d'un lion de sable rampant contre le fût le tout soutenu d'une terrasse de sinople au 2 d'or à un dragon de gueules reposant sur une patte. English: Per fess 1st argent a tree vert to the sinister a lion sable rampant against the trunk above a mount vert 2nd or a dragon gules resting (asleep) on its paws.
10) Brielle Les armes de van Leyden dit van Leeuwen. English: The arms of dexter van Leyden, known as Leeuwen
11) Delft D'or au lion de gueules tenant de sa patte dextre un plomb de maçon (poids de plomb attaché à une ficelle) et colleté d'un lambel d'azur dans lequel sa queue est passée le tout cantonné de quatre coeurs d'azur les pointes dirigées vers les cantons de l'écu à la bordure engrelée de gueules. English: Or a lion gules holding in its dexter paw a mason’s lead weight (hanging from a string) and collared with a label azure tail nowy (in which the tail is crossed) surrounded by in each quarter a heart azure the points oriented to the quarters of the shield over the whole shield a bordure engrailed gules.
12) Alkmaar D'azur au lion d'argent Cimier le lion issant Supports à dextre une licorne regardante au naturel à senestre un lion au naturel. English: Azure a lion argent Crest: the lion issuant Supporters: to the dexter a unicorn reguardant proper to the sinister a lion proper.
13) Amsterdam D'argent au lion de gueules Cimier le lion issant. English: Argent a lion gules Crest: the lion issuant.
14) Frise Coupé au 1 d'or à deux lions léopardés de gueules l'un sur l'autre au 2 d'azur au chevron d'argent Cimier un lion issant de gueules. English: Per fess 1st or two lions affrontant gules in pale 2nd azure a chevron argent Crest: a lion issuant gules.
15) Gueldre, Utrecht, Hollande D'argent au chevron de gueules ch de trois coquilles d'or Casque couronné Cimier un lion rampant d'argent couronné d'or entre un vol banneret de gueules Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules Supports deux lions. English: Argent a chevron gules charged with three escallops or Crowned with a helmet Crest: a lion rampant argent crowned or between a pair of folded peacock tails cut straight at the side (looking like a knight’s banner - see vol banneret online ) Mantling: argent and gules Supporters: two lions.
16) Flandre D'or à trois têtes de léopard de sable. English: Or three leopard’s heads (i.e. lion heads facing the front) sable.
17) Flandre Parti au 1 d'or au lion de sable au 2 de gueules au lion d'or. English: Per pale 1st or a lion sable 2nd gules a lion or.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cock
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P80
11. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P150
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P137
13. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 79
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P94, 262, 407
15. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P309
16. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P112