Blazons & Genealogy Notes
(Scotland). Ar. three martlets gu. Crest—A lion pass. gu.
(Scotland). Ar. three martlets gu. Crest—A lion pass. gu.
According to the early recordings of the spelling of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many forms containing Machel, Matchell, Matsell, Mitchel, Mitchell, Michell, Mickle, Muckle, and others, this is a surname of English and Scottish origins. Brought into Western Europe by returning pilgrims of the great Crusades to free the Holy Land, it acquires from the old Hebrew and Biblical name “Michel,” which means “He who is like the King.” The name was first noted in near the year 1160, when one Michaelis de Areci shows in the Danelaw Records of the City of London, and Michel de Whepstede in the Premium Tax Rolls of Suffolk in 1327. The Royal Records of England for the year 1219 have the entry of William Michel. He was paid three pence per day, perhaps now equal to 50 or $80, for keeping two of the Kings’ wolfhounds. Other examples contain Richard Mukel in the Hundred Rolls of the landholders of the division of Shropshire, in 1255, Agnes Mitchell who married Richard Freeman in June 1582, at St. Dunstan’s in the East, Stepney, city of London, while Fanny Matsell married George Phillips, at St Leonards Shoreditch in the city of London, in August 1792. A Royal symbol related to the surname has the blazon of a black shield, directed with an escallop between three gold birds’ heads.
More common variations are: Muckley, Muckile, Mauckle, Mucklei, Muckele, McKle, Muckle, Mukle, Mucle, Mouckley, Mauckley.
The surname Muckle first appeared in Shropshire, anciently known as Salop, where they conjecturally descended from one Ethelred Muckle. One of the earliest documents was Roger of Mokleston, King of the Palace of Muckleston, whose lands were taken by the Lord of Arundel for outlawry. Hoskyn Muccleston acquired them in 1345. Muckleston was found first as a hamlet in the church of Shawbury and secondly as a church in the union of Market Drayton.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Gilbert Michel, dated about 1205, in the “Curia Regis Rolls of Northumberland.” It was during the time of King John, dated 1199- 1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Muckle had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Some of the individuals with the name Muckle who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John Muckle, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1834. Gilbert Muckle, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in 1844. M Muckle at the age of 47, arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1847. Robert Muckle, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) Division, Pennsylvania in the year 1868.
Some of the population with the surname Muckle who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Hugh Muckle at the age of 20, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Dilharree” in 1875
Here is the population distribution of the last name Muckle: United States 800; England 500; Kenya 314; Germany 269; Canada 250; New Zealand 59; Scotland 26; Australia 20; Spain 7; Wales 2.
John Muckle was born in December 1954. He is a British author who has written fiction, poetry, and literary analysis. Born in Kingston-upon-Thames, he was raised in the hamlet of Cobham, Surrey. After retraining as a teacher and working in London FE colleges, he worked in book publishing, first for the small literary publisher Marion Boyars, then moving on to Grafton Books (later subsumed into HarperCollins) as a copywriter. In the mid-1980s, he started the Paladin Poetry Series. Muckle was General Editor of its flagship anthology The New British Poetry (Paladin, 1988), commissioning other names before leaving due to the company’s decline by Rupert Murdoch.
The main device (symbol) in the Muckle blazon is the martlet. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and azure.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|2.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|3.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|4.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet|
|6.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79|