Origin, Meaning, Family History and Abbs Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Abbs:
This interesting and unique English surname is an alternative of the famous ‘Abel’ brought by returning 13th-century Reformers and pilgrims from the Holy Land. ‘Abel’ itself acquires from the Hebrew given name ‘Hevel’ which means ‘breath or vigor.’ The particular name ‘Abel’ (Hevel) was had by the son of Adam, who killed his brother Cain. It was very famous as a given name in Christendom during the Middle Ages, when there was a devotion of ‘suffering ignorance’ which Abel described. For reasons unclear the early surname was spread widely in Yorkshire and East Anglia, and well described in its different forms in the records of the area. The surname now appears as Abbs, Abbis, Abbiss, Abbys, Abbes, Abson, Abbison, etc., and all mean Son of Abb. Early examples of the surname records contain a Willelmus filius Abbs, in the 1273 Hundred rolls of Buckingham, Jane Abs, who named at All Hallows Parish, Honey Lane, London, in October 1582, and Margery Abbs, who married James Young, at the famous parish of St Dunstans in the East, Stepney, in May 1620. In August 1684, William Abbes married Sarah Page, at Great Yarmouth. A notable name ancestor was William Abbs, who was the administrator of the town of Bedford in 1534.
More common variations are: Abbis, Abbas, Abbes, Abbsi , Abbus, Abbsa, Abbos, Aabbs, Abbhs, Abbss.
The surname Abbs first appeared in the division of Middlesex in southern England where they held a family seat from old times. During the Norman Invasion of England in 1066, unlike many Saxon families, ancestors of this name operated to hold onto much of their holdings and these were noted in the Domesday Book, a poll derived in 1086 by King William.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of John Abbys, dated about 1379, in the “Poll Tax Rolls of Yorkshire.” It was during the time of King Richard II who was known to be the “Richard of Bordeaux,” dated 1377 – 1399. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Abbs had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the name Abbs who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Abbs, who settled in Virginia in 1635. Edward Abbs at the age of 37, arrived in Virginia in 1635. Henry Abbs, who landed in Virginia in the year 1649. Thomas Abbs, who also came to Virginia in the same year 1649.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Abbs: Pakistan 754; United States 701; England 683; Saudi Arabia 154; Canada 146; Australia 95; France 61; Northern Ireland 48; India 23; Scotland 20.
Rev. John Abbs (1810–1888) was an English minister. Sent out by the London Missionary Society, he was employed twenty-two years in Travancore, Southern India, a period passed by European missionaries at that time. He was the husband of Louisa Sewell Abbs and the writer of Twenty-two years’ Missionary Experience in Travancore.
Louisa Sewell Abbs (née Skipper) (1811–1872) was the wife of English minister Rev. John Abbs who helped organize the lace and needlework industry in Travancore, Southern India. She also organized and taught at girls boarding schools during her time in India.
Tom Abbs was born in the year 1972. He is an American multi-instrumentalist and film producer. He works primarily in the fields of jazz, free jazz, and free improvisation, and plays double bass, tuba, cello, violin, didgeridoo, and wooden flute, often playing many of these instruments together.
Abbs Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Abbs blazon are the escallop, fusil and spur. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour . It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries . It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” .
The fusil is a shape rather like a lozenge but taller and narrower, hence fusily refers to a field of similar shapes arranged in a regulat pattern. It is though that the shape originally derived from that of a spindle of yarn. Wade believes that the symbol is of very great age and quotes an earlier writer, Morgan who ascribes it the meaning of “Negotiation”.
The word spur as a noun indicates a spike on the back of horseman’s boot to goad a horse into action, and for the same reason as a verb it signifies “encouraging action”. Because of this, Guillim assigns the meaning “press onward” to the prescence of a spur in a coat of arms. It can be depicted either as the full item, with connections to the boot, or just as the star-shaped spur rowel which contains the spikes.