Origin, Meaning, Family History and Acre Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Acre:
The Norman Invasion of England in 1066 added many new components to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Acre family resided in the division of Cumberland. This surname was a local name meaning the resident at the acre, or the dweller at the plot of arable land. Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English scientific stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, old authors spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often related to by different spellings in different documents. The name has spelled Acre, Acres, Aker, Eaker, Eakers, Aiker, Aikers, Aikerson, Aker, Alters, Acker, Ackers, Ackhurst and much more.
More common variations are: Aycre, Acree, Acrey, Acrea, Acrie, Achre, Ackre, Acare, Acore, Eacre.
The surname Acre first appeared in the division of Cumberland, where they descended from one of two noble houses, the Lords D’Acre, called D’Acres of the North, and Lord D’Acre of Herstmonceux called D’Acres of the South. Both of these noble branches originally settled at Dacre in Cumberland.
Many of the people with surname Acre had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Acre landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Acre who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Casper Acre, who came to Pennsylvania in 1687-1727. Sarah Acre, who came to America in the year 1738. Veronica Acre, who settled in Pennsylvania in the year 1741. Christian Acre, who arrived in Pennsylvania in the year 1741. Peter Acre, who came to Pennsylvania in the year 1741.
The following century saw more Acre surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Acre who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Juan De Acre, who arrived in New Granada in the year 1855.
Individuals with the surname Acre who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Mr. Lambert Acre U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Canada near the year 1783. Lambert Acre, who came to Canada in the year 1797.
The following century saw more Acre surnames arrive. People with the surname Acre who settled in Canada in the 19th century included William Acre, who came to Ontario in the year 1871.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Acre: Brazil 1,129; United States 939; Philippines 387; Argentina 119; Canada 48; England 22; Spain 4; Lebanon 1; India 1; French Polynesia 1.
Billy White Acre, also known as Bill White Acre, and Bill Whiteacre, is a Canadian film score writer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record raiser. He is the founder and creative director of Big Planet Music, Inc., a Los Angeles-based music house that scores music for television, film, and advertising. He is best known for his versatility as a writer and his use of open tunings and percussive guitar playing.
Mark Robert Acre (born September 1968) is a retired professional baseball pitcher. He played all or part of four seasons for the Oakland Athletics from 1994-1997. He also played one season in Japan for the Yakult Swallows in 1998.
Raynold Edward Acre (1889–1966) was a member of the Early Birds of Aviation, a small group of pilots that flew before World War I.
Abba of Acre (Abba d’min Akko), was an Amora from Acre who flourished at the end of the 3rd century. He was greatly respected by Rabbi Abbahu and recommended as an example of modesty.
Joan of Acre (April 1272 – April 1307) was an English princess, a daughter of King Edward I of England and Queen Eleanor of Castile. The name “Acre” derives from her birthplace in the Holy Land while her parents were on a campaign.
Acre Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Acre blazon are the escallop and fusil. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour . It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries . It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” .
The fusil is a shape rather like a lozenge but taller and narrower, hence fusily refers to a field of similar shapes arranged in a regulat pattern. It is though that the shape originally derived from that of a spindle of yarn. Wade believes that the symbol is of very great age and quotes an earlier writer, Morgan who ascribes it the meaning of “Negotiation”.