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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Acres Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Acres Origin:

England, France

Origins of Acres:

This unusual surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, is a geographical name for a "resident by a plot of farmable land." The origin is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "aecer" which means a plot of farmable land, with the merging of the Norman preposition "de." Geographical surnames were among the earliest formed since people in each area were easily identifiable via the location in which they came in the Middle Ages. The surname may also be geographical from Acre, in Norfolk, noted as "Acre" in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname was first listed in the early 13th Century. One, Adam de Acres shows in the Register of Letter-Books of the City of London (1346). In January 1541, Elizabeth Dakers married George Abraham at St. Stephen's Parish, Coleman Street, London. William, son of William Dakers, was named in February 1571 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, London. The surname is also popular in Scotland. Margaret Dakers was noted in Barrellwall, Scotland in 1637 and William Dakers was a famous author in Edinburgh in the 17th Century.

Variations:

More common variations are: Achres, Acreus, Acries, Acrees, Acrews, Acrs, Achreus, Ackeres, Eachres, Akres.

England:

The surname Acres first appeared in the division of Cumberland, where they descended from one of two noble houses, the Lords D'Acre, called D'Acres of the North, and Lord D'Acre of Herstmonceux, called D'Acres of the South. Both of these great houses formerly settled at Dacre in Cumberland.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of William de Acr, dated about 1214, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Sussex." It was during the time of King John who was known to be the “Lackland," dated 1199-1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varietions of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Acres had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Acres landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Acres who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Acres, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1656. John Acres, who landed in Maryland in 1672. Henry Acres (sometimes Ackers) who settled in Newbury Massachusetts in 1674, and married Hannah Silver. Henry Acres, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1674. Christopher Acres, who arrived in Barbados in 1679.

People with the surname Acres who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Aaron Acres, who settled in Virginia in 1772

The following century saw more Acres surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Acres who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Elizabeth Acres, who came to New York in 1832

Canada:

Some of the people with the name Acres who came to Canada in the 19th century included Esther Acres, who came to Ontario in 1871.

Australia:

Some of the individuals with the name Acres who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Joseph Acres who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1848.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Acres: United States 1,211; England 656; Canada 446; South Africa 329; Australia 110; Brazil 64; Trinidad and Tobago 51; New Zealand 26; Ireland 22; Spain 7.

Notable People:

Blake Acres is a professional Australian rules football player who plays for the St Kilda Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). He was chosen with the 19th pick in the 2013 AFL Draft. He made his appearance in 2014, against Hawthorn.

Isabella Acres was born in February 2001. She is an American actress who performed Rose on Better Off Ted.

Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Gu. three trefoils slipped in fesse or, betw. as many escallops ar.
2) (Northumberland). Ar. a fesse betw. six fleurs-de-lis sa. Crest—An eagle displ. ppr. charged on the breast with a torteau sa.
3) Or, a cross potent gu.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 5 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 6 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 7 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 8 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 9 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 10 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
  • 11 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
  • 12 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
  • 13 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Escallop
  • 14 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P299
  • 15 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P91