Acres Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Acres Family Coat of Arms

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Acres Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Acres blazon are the fleur-de-lis and escallop. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and sable .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 8Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489

The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Escallop. It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries 14A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P299. It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P91.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Acres Name

Acres Origin:

England, France

Origins of Acres:

This unusual surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, is a geographical name for a “resident by a plot of farmable land.” The origin is from the Olde English pre 7th Century “aecer” which means a plot of farmable land, with the merging of the Norman preposition “de.” Geographical surnames were among the earliest formed since people in each area were easily identifiable via the location in which they came in the Middle Ages. The surname may also be geographical from Acre, in Norfolk, noted as “Acre” in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname was first listed in the early 13th Century. One, Adam de Acres shows in the Register of Letter-Books of the City of London (1346). In January 1541, Elizabeth Dakers married George Abraham at St. Stephen’s Parish, Coleman Street, London. William, son of William Dakers, was named in February 1571 at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, London. The surname is also popular in Scotland. Margaret Dakers was noted in Barrellwall, Scotland in 1637 and William Dakers was a famous author in Edinburgh in the 17th Century.

Variations:

More common variations are: Achres, Acreus, Acries, Acrees, Acrews, Acrs, Achreus, Ackeres, Eachres, Akres.

England:

The surname Acres first appeared in the division of Cumberland, where they descended from one of two noble houses, the Lords D’Acre, called D’Acres of the North, and Lord D’Acre of Herstmonceux, called D’Acres of the South. Both of these great houses formerly settled at Dacre in Cumberland.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of William de Acr, dated about 1214, in the “Curia Regis Rolls of Sussex.” It was during the time of King John who was known to be the “Lackland,” dated 1199-1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varietions of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Acres had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Acres landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Acres who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Acres, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1656. John Acres, who landed in Maryland in 1672. Henry Acres (sometimes Ackers) who settled in Newbury Massachusetts in 1674, and married Hannah Silver. Henry Acres, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1674. Christopher Acres, who arrived in Barbados in 1679.

People with the surname Acres who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Aaron Acres, who settled in Virginia in 1772

The following century saw more Acres surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Acres who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Elizabeth Acres, who came to New York in 1832

Canada:

Some of the people with the name Acres who came to Canada in the 19th century included Esther Acres, who came to Ontario in 1871.

Australia:

Some of the individuals with the name Acres who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Joseph Acres who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Hooghly” in 1848.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Acres: United States 1,211; England 656; Canada 446; South Africa 329; Australia 110; Brazil 64; Trinidad and Tobago 51; New Zealand 26; Ireland 22; Spain 7.

Notable People:

Blake Acres is a professional Australian rules football player who plays for the St Kilda Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). He was chosen with the 19th pick in the 2013 AFL Draft. He made his appearance in 2014, against Hawthorn.

Isabella Acres was born in February 2001. She is an American actress who performed Rose on Better Off Ted.

Acres Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Gu. three trefoils slipped in fesse or, betw. as many escallops ar.
2) (Northumberland). Ar. a fesse betw. six fleurs-de-lis sa. Crest—An eagle displ. ppr. charged on the breast with a torteau sa.
3) Or, a cross potent gu.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
8. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
13. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Escallop
14. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P299
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P91