Origin, Meaning, Family History and Alcock Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Alcock:
This is a very popular English name, coming from a shortened form of many male particular names starting with “Al”, specifically Alan, Albert, Alban, and Alexander, with the famous old addition of “cock”, from the Olde English pre 7th Century “cocc”, Middle English (1200 – 1500) “cok”, used here as a pet name for the bird. The origin of the nickname could be for several purposes like when it was most frequently used for a young boy who walked around in a bold and determined way, and as such soon became a universal name for young men. It added to the small forms of various old names, like Allcock, Hancock, and Hiscock. The nickname may also have been used for an early riser or a natural manager. The name can also be spelled as Allcock or Alcock. Documentation from London Parish Records contain the marriage of John Alcock and Agnes White in October 1545, at St. Mary Magdalene’s, Old Fish Street, and the christening of Dorothie, daughter of Thomas Alcock, in June 1550, at St. Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury.
More common variations are: Allcock, Alecock, Aulcock, Alicock, Alcocke, Ailcock, Alcoc, Alcok, Allicock, Allcoak.
The surname Alcock was first discovered in Cheshire where they were a family there for a long time, but many of their old records have disappeared. They later moved to the southeast in Norfolk, Suffolk, and the home provinces.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Alexander Alecoc, dated about 1275, in the “Premium Rolls of Worcestershire.” It was during the time of King Edward I, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Alcock had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Alcock landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Alcock who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included George Alcock of the “Mayflower” landings in 1620. Agnes Alcock, who came to Boston in 1635. Franci Alcock, who arrived in South Carolina in 1638. John Alcock, who landed in Maine in 1639. Samil Alcock, who landed in Virginia in 1650.
People with the surname Alcock who landed in the United States in the 18th century included William Alcock, who arrived in Jamaica in 1743.
The following century saw much more Alcock surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Alcock who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John Alcock who settled in Maine in the same year. Robert Alcock, who arrived in New Hampshire in 1825. Georgia Alcock, who came to Maryland in 1838.
The following century saw more Alcock surnames arrive. People with the surname Alcock who settled in Canada in the 19th century included Mansfield Alcock at Shelter Grace in 1801.
Some of the individuals with the surname Alcock who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Edward Alcock arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Phoebe” in 1846. Edward Alcock, Frederick Alcock, Charles Alcock, and Arthur Alcock, all arrived in South Australia in the same year 1852 aboard the ship “Epaminondas.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Alcock: England 5,265; South Africa 3,415; Australia 1,805; United States 1,581; Canada 1,162; Namibia 977; New Zealand 367; Wales 339; France 245; Scotland 243.
Alfred William Alcock was a British scientist.
C. W. Alcock was a British sports producer and author of the FA Cup.
Charles R. Alcock was an American stargazer.
Deborah Alcock was a British fantasy writer.
Edward Alcock was an English football player who played for the Tranmere Rovers.
George Alcock was a British astronomer.
George Alcock (footballer) was an English football player.
Alcock Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Alcock blazon are the scythe, cock, fleur-de-lis and fesse. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Both the sickle and the scythe are implements instantly recognisable to a person of the middle ages, and are depicted in their conventional forms. In addition to their obvious assocation with farming, Wade suggests that they can have a wider meaning of “a fruitful harvest of things hoped for”.
The cock, and other members of its avian family are often found in coats of arms, although telling them apart simply from their images can sometimes be a challenge! Many times the precise choice of species arises as a play on words on the family name, sometimes now lost in history. The cock itself, Wade points out is a “bird of great courage” and might be used as a symbol of “watchfullness”, being the herald of the dawn.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms