Anne Coat of Arms

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire). Ar. on a bend sa. three martlets of the field (another, mullets). Crest—A woman's head couped at the breast face ppr. vested ar. hair dishevelled or.
2) (Frickley and Burghwallis, co. York, descended from Sir William de Anne, Constable of the Castle of Tickell, temp. Edward II.). Gu. three bucks’ heads cabossed ar. attired or. Crest—A buck’s head cabossed ar.
3) (Burghwallis, W.R. co. York; exemplified to Ernest Lambert Swinburne Charlton, Esq., of Burghwallis Hall, enpt. 3rd batt. Sherwood Foresters, Derbyshire regt., second son of William Henry Charlton, Esq., of Hesleyaide, co. Northumberland, deceased, by Barbara Tasburgh, hs wife, dau. of Michael Anne, Esq., of Burghwallis Hall, also deceased, on his taking by royal licence the surname of Anne only in lieu of that of Charlton, and the arms of Anne and Charlton quarterly). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Anne, gu. three bucks’ heads, cabossed ar. attired or; 2nd and 3rd, Charlton, or, a lion ramp. gu. Crests—1st, Anne: A maiden's head couped at the shoulders ppr.; 2nd, Charlton: A demi lion ramp. gu.

Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Anne Name

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Anne Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Anne blazon are the mullet and stag’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and or.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 8A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

We should be surprised to find the stag or buck, noble quarry of many a mediaeval hunt, being illustrated in many a coat of arms. 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 69. It shares many of the poses to be found with the lion, but also one almost unique to the deer, grazing, as if the animal is still unaware of the hunter’s approach. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Deer. In common with all symbols related to the hunt we probably need look further for their intended meaning than the pleasure taken by the holder in such pursuits! 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P30

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References   [ + ]

1. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
8. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 69
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Deer
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P30