Origin, Meaning, Family History and Archdeacon Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Archdeacon:
It is an old English surname, but one of the French origins. Presented by the invading Normans of 1066, it has been known to be a professional surname for the head of the clerics who served upon a priest at religious celebrations. The origin is from the French pre 9th century word ‘arcediaene’. However, until the time of King Henry VIII (1510 – 1547), all members of the parish were unmarried and banned by law from marriage, it looks very doubtful that this name was professional. It is much more likely to have been a nickname. If so it was perhaps given to the actors who performed the part of archdeacons in the religious celebrations and traveling plays which crisscrossed England, visiting most of the major towns and cities such as they were, in those old times. Another possibility for the origin but also a nickname is that it was used to a person of extreme religious enthusiasm, a person who was not a member of the parish as such, but who was a regular parish attendee, or possibly given the robust entertainment of those times, the reverse. What we do know is that this was one of the first ‘names’ to be listed anywhere. This documentation contains a Walter le Ercedekene in the Assize Rolls for the division of Somerset between the years 1267 and 1271, while Roger le Archdekne shows in the collected records of the Duchy of Cornwall in 1297.
More common variations are: Archidiacono, Archidiaconu, Archdekin.
The surname Archdeacon was first found in the divisions of Cornwall and Devon where they settled soon after the Norman Invasion of England by Duke William of Normandy in 1066 AD. In Norman, the family name was Archidiacne, which seriously questions the famous concept that the family name acquired from the office of Archdeacon. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Archdeacon had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Archdeacon landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Archdeacon who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Kathryn Archdeacon landed in America in 1704. William Archdeacon who came to Maryland in 1741. William Archdeacon settled in Maryland in 1741. John Archdeacon and John Archdeacon, both came to Pennsylvania in the same year 1772.
The following century saw more Archdeacon surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Archdeacon who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Dennis Archdeacon in Philadelphia in 1851. Dennis Archdeacon settled in Philadelphia in 1858.
Some of the individuals with the surname Archdeacon who landed in Australia in the 19th century included William Archdeacon at the age of 9, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship “Marion.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Archdeacon: United States 308; England 86; Australia 52; Canada 16; Thailand 2; South Africa 2; Scotland 2; Ireland 2; United Arab Emirates 1; Zimbabwe 1.
Mark Archdeacon was born in October 1989. He is a football player currently playing for Scottish Junior team Dalry Thistle. He played professionally for Motherwell. He is the son of old Celtic and Morton player Owen Archdeacon.
Maurice John Archdeacon (December 1898–September 1954) nicknamed “Flash,” was a Major League Baseball center fielder who played for the Chicago White Sox from 1923 to 1925.
Owen Archdeacon was born in March 1966 in Greenock. He is an old Scottish football player. He started his senior career at Celtic before going on to play for Barnsley, Carlisle United and finally Greenock Morton. Archdeacon played on the left-wing for the majority of his career, although went back into a more defensive role in the following years.
Archdeacon Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Archdeacon blazon are the chevron, martlet and tower. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, sable and argent .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
Architectural items, from individual components to entire buildings feature frequently as charges In a coat of arms. Not surprisingly, considering the times from which many arms date, fortifications are common. The tower Is a typical example of an object from the world of architecture adopted, albeit in a stylised form, for use in heraldry. It can be placed alone, or frequently with three turrets on the top, known as a tower triple towered, and can have doors and windows of a different colour. In continental European heraldry they are often accompanied by pictorial effects such as armoured knights scaling them on ladders.