Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) (Lincolnshire). Sa. a fesse betw. three asses ar.
2) (Lincolnshire). Ar. a fesse gu. betw. three asses' heads couped sa.
3) Gu. on a fesse engr. betw. three asses' heads couped or, a cross pattee and two martlets az.
It is an interesting and unique Ango-Saxon name which found in the divisions of Cumberland and many other places.
More common variations are: Ayscue, Asycue, Awscue, Auscue, Ascu, Asque, Azcue, Escue, Asuke.
The surname Ascue first appeared in the division of Cumberland, however, some of the family appeared at Aughton in the East Riding of Yorkshire in early times. “The parish [of Aughton], the chancel of which restored in 1839, has a low embattled tower, made by Christopher, son of the unfortunate Robert Aske who executed at York in the period of Henry VIII., 1537, as a principal in the revolution called the “Pilgrimage of Grace,” caused by the destruction of the abbeys. On the chancel floor is a fine brass part, on which are important the representations of Richard Aske and his lady, who passed away in the fifteenth century. Near the east bank of the river Derwent, the trenches and channels of an old castle are still obvious and in the environment of the parish is a large hill of earth, the site of the castellated house of the Aske family.” Eske is a township, in the church of St. John, Beverley, union of Beverley, N. division of the wapentake of Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire. “This place, in Domesday Book Asche, acquires its name from the British word meaning water. It given at an early period to the collegiate church of St. John. ” The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Ascue had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Ascue landed in the United States in many different centuries like William Askew who settled in Virginia in 1623. Thomas in the same State in 1635. John settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts about the time of the Mayflower 1620.
The motto was originally a war cry or catchword. Mottoes first started to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, were not in general use until the 17th century. So, the oldest coats of arms do not include a motto. Mottoes sometimes form part of the grant of arms as Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional element of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will like many families have chosen not to display a slogan.
Motto: Fac et spera
Motto Translation: Do and hope.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Ascue: Peru 1,753; Philippines 773; United States 171; Argentina 105; Uruguay 73; Chile 54; Sweden 22; Spain 22; Colombia 3; Mexico 2.
The two main devices (symbols) in the Ascue blazon are the donkey and fesse. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, sable and gules .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P191 are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The horse Is a typical example of these.The Donkey can be taken to have the same significance as the horse.
The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse. It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|2.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|3.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable|
|4.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|5.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35|
|6.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|7.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52|
|8.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154|
|9.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P191|
|10.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fesse|