Origin, Meaning, Family History and Atkins Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of Atkins stems from the Hebrew word “Ad” which translates to “red earth”. This was a reference to Adam who was created from the red earth, and shaped by God in the Biblical Creation story. Whether this story is true or not, the surname of Atkins comes stems from the Hebrew word, but also the Old English pre 7th Century diminutive suffix of “-kin.” Throughout the name’s history, the “d” was altered to a “t” creating the surname of Adkin into Atkin. Later, the patronymic form became Atkins, denoting through the addition of the “s” that this name now meant “son of.” Thus, the surname of Atkins literally means “son of Atkin.”
More common variations are:
Aitkins, Atkin, Adkinson, Atkinson, Adkins, Attkins, Aitkins, Atykins, Adtkins, Atikins, Atkiins, Atkinss, Atkinso, Atckins, Atkines, Aitken, Aitkin, Atkyns, Adkin
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Atkins was in the year 1327. One person named William Atkyns was recorded and mentioned in the “Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire” under the reign of King Edward II, who was sometimes referred to as “Edward of Caernafon” and ruled from the year 1307 to the year 1327. Other mentions of this surname came through church documents and survey rolls. Henry Atkins, was a doctor who lived from 1558 to 1635, and was President of of the College of Physicians six times between the years of 1607 and 1625, and was often mentioned in medical papers and journals throughout history. Henry Atkins was in charge of all of the medical decisions for Henry, Price of Wales in his last illness in the year 1612, making Henry Atkins one of the most well-known and recorded people with the surname of Atkins throughout history. In England, those with this surname can be found in the Buckinghamshire region. However, high concentrations of people who bear the surname of Atkins can be found in the following counties: Leicestershire, Kent, Norfolk, Berkshire, Huntingdonshire, and Warwickshire.
In Scotland, those who bear the surname of Atkins can be found throughout the country. Those who carry the surname of Atkins are found in high concentrations in the counties of Lanarkshire, Aberdeenshire, and Dumfries-shire. The first recording of the surname Atkins was of John of Akyne in Lanarkshire. In 1405 he has good seized by the English.
Augustine Atkins was the first Atkins in county Cork in the 1620s when he was given lands there. His descendants were prominent business leaders of Cork.
United States of America:
During the European Migration, which is when English settlers were fed up with their homeland and it’s poor living conditions, and emigrated out of their home country, many settlers sought out the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the Colonies, or the New World. The first of these settlers who was recorded to bear the surname of Atkins was one person named Robert Atkins, who was just twenty-three years of age when he embarked on the journey to the New World. Robert Atkins was aboard the ship named the “Alexander” which sailed from London, England, to Barbados in the year 1635. The first person with the surname of Atkins to step foot on American soil was Richard Atkins, who arrived in the state of Virginia in the year 1622, becoming not only one of the first people in the New World with this surname, but also one of the first settlers in the American Colonies. The Atkins surname is found most often in New York, Virginia, and Tennessee.
United States 58, 153
South Africa 3,726
New Zealand 1,368
James Atkins (1967-2016) who was an American rock star, and was a bassist for the rock band Hammerbox
Douglas Leon “Doug” Atkins (1930-2015) who was an American football defensive end who was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame and the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Charles H. Atkins, who was an American politician, and a Candidate for the Michigan State House of Representatives from Kent County in the 1st District in the year 1932 and the year 1936
Charles A. Atkins, who was an American politician, and a Member of the Connecticut State Senate in the 21st District, from the year 1864 to the year 1865
Carl Clyde Atkins (1914-1999) who was an American politician, and also Southern District of Florida U.S. District Judge from the years 1966 to 1999
Brenda Atkins, who was an American Democrat politician, and a Member of the Rules Committee, and a Member of the Democratic National Convention in the year 1988
B. F. Atkins, who was an American politician, and was a Member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Cumberland County from 1844 to 1845
Atkins Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Atkins blazon are the cross, mullet, bezant and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, or and azure .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” . A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires . In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” .
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the bezant Is a typical example of this, and in British Heraldry always takes the tincture or. It shares the same root as the name Byzantium, being associated with the gold coin of that city and indeed, in some heraldic traditions is represented as a coin-like disk in perspective. Wade suggests that the use of this device refers to ” one who had been found worthy of trust and treasure.”