Origin, Meaning, Family History and Austin Coat of Arms and Family Crest
England, Portugal, Scotland
Origins of Austin:
The surname of Austin can be traced back to Biblical meanings and uses. It is believed that the surname of Austin is an Anglicized shortened form of the surname of Augustine. This name gained popularity following the death of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who was named as St. Augustine, and who died in the year of 605. The name lost popularity shortly after. However, in the 1100’s the name began to come to the forefront of society again, through the Christian revival, following the Crusades. In this time, The Austin Cannons were established, which were a group of people, similar to monks, who share a dwelling, property, and engage in ministry outside of their dwelling. Canons believe in the three values of poverty, chastity and obedience, and the Canons of Austin lived under the teachings of one St. Augustine. As the Austin order gained popularity, the baptismal name of Austin became popular throughout Europe.
More common variations are: Austing, Astin, Austen, Astins, Aust, Asten, Austine, Austini, Austina, Ayustin
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Austin can be traced to the country of England. One person who was recorded as being named as one Henry Austin, was named in the County Pipe Rolls of Worcestershire in the year of 1275. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Edward I of England, who was known throughout the ages, and commonly referred to throughout history as “The Hammer of the Scots.” King Edward I of England was presently named as such because of the wars, conquests, and hardships he placed on the people of Scotland throughout his reign, which lasted from the year 1272 to the year 1307. Other mentions of the surname of Austin within the country of England include one Thomas Austin who was recorded as living in the county of Somerset and who was convicted as being a “Monmouth rebel” and thus sentenced to go to Barbados on his majesty’s plantations by “Bloody” Judge Jefferys in the year of 1685. Those who bear the surname of Austin within the country of England can be found throughout the country of England. The area with the largest population of those who bear the surname of Austin can be found within the areas in and around the city of London.
United States of America:
Throughout the 17th Century, it became commonplace for European citizens to migrate to the United States of America in search of a better life for them and their families. These citizens were displeased with the state of the government in their home countries, and thus migrated to the United States. This movement of people was referred to as the European Migration. The first people who brought the surname of Austin to the United States were both Edward Austin and Jo Austin who arrived in the state of Virginia in the year of 1635. Those who are known to bear the surname of Austin can be found throughout the United States. The areas with the largest concentration of those who carry the surname of Austin can be found in large concentrations in the states of New York and Texas.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Austin: United States 131,993; England 23,957; Nigeria 21,703; Australia 10,231; Canada 7,505; South Africa 6,904; Ghana 3,515; New Zealand 2,163; Guyana 1,434; Scotland 1,214
Tracey Ann Austin who was born in the year 1962 is a former professional tennis player who was ranked No. 1 in the world
Gene Austin (1900-1972) who was a singer and a songwriter who was from America
Charles Austin who was born in the year 1967 and who was a high jumper from America who was awarded a Gold Medal
Herbert Austin (1866-1941) who was a Baron from England who was also the 1st Baron Austin and who built and designed automobiles and was the founder of the Austin Motor Company
Robert Sargent Austin (1895-1973) who was an etcher from England
Lieutenant General Lloyd James Austin III who was born in the year 1953 and who is an officer in the United States Army
Alfred Austin (1835-1913) who was a poet from England
Peter Austin (1921-2014) who was a brewer from England and who founded the Ringwood Brewery which is located in New Forest in Hampshire
Henry C. Austin (1844-1904) who was an Outfielder for Major League baseball in the year 1873 who played for the Elizabeth Resolutes
Austin Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Austin blazon are the chevron, long cross, lion’s gamb and ducal coronet. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and argent .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, the latin or long cross is an example of this, being named for the extended lower limb of the cross, which is placed clearly separated from the edges of the shield.
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.The variant lion’s gamb is another word for leg, and its significance remains the same as its parent animal