Averell Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Averell Family Coat of Arms

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Averell Coat of Arms Meaning

Averell Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Averill.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Averell. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Averell Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Averell blazon are the cross and buck’s head. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and ermine.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69 It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39. The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 10A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.

The chief is an area across the top of the field 11Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 40. It appears in many different forms and can itself be charged with other charges and ordinaries, 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chief, being treated almost as if it were a completely separate area. In its simplest form it can be clearly identified. Early examples include the award by Henry III of England to the knight Robert de MORTEYN BRETON of Ermine, a chief gules.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Averell Name

The name Averell was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Invasion of 1066.  The Averell family lived the Old French word Avril which meaning April.  The name would have initially given to a child born in the month of April.  Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames.  Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew.  French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings.  Finally, Medieval scribes spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person often related to by different spellings in different documents.  More common variations are: Averella, Averello, Averrell, Averiell, Averll, Averel, Avrell, Aveerella, Averello, Averill.

The surname Averell first found in Gloucestershire where they gave lands to William the Champion for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.  They conjecturally descended from a Norman noble, Avril, who landed with William the Champion.

Some of the people with the surname Averell who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Alexander Averell, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the year 1866.  Arthur Averell, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the year 1878.

Averell Family Gift Ideas

Browse Averell family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Notes: (co. Gloucester, Smith's Ordinary). Blazon: Azure a cross ermine fleury or, in dexter point a buck's head cabossed argent, attired of the third.
2) Notes: (Broadway, co. Worcester, settled there since 1602). Blazon: Gules a cross fleury ermine charged in chief with a buck's head of the field. Crest—A buck's head, cabossed, as in the Arms.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P69
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P39
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 28
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106
10. A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173
11. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 40
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Chief