Avery Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Avery Family Coat of Arms

Variations of this name are: Averey.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Avery. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Avery Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Avery blazon are the bezant, annulet, lion’s head and chevron. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, or and gules .

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the bezant Is a typical example of this, and in British Heraldry always takes the tincture or. It shares the same root as the name Byzantium, being associated with the gold coin of that city and indeed, in some heraldic traditions is represented as a coin-like disk in perspective. Wade suggests that the use of this device refers to ” one who had been found worthy of trust and treasure.” 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P122

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts.14Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 The head of the lion also appears alone on many coats of arms, but its use in this form is largely to enable a clear difference from similar arms that use the complete animal, and its significance should be taken to be the same as the lion entire, being a symbol of “deathless courage”. 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P59

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Avery Name

Avery Origin:

England, France, Germany

Origins of Name:

The Avery surname is derived from the Middle English, and Old French given name of “Aubri” which derives from the Germanic personal name “Alberic.” “Alberic” is composed of two elements, the first being “alb” which translates to the word elf, and the second element being “ric” which means power. Thus the Germanic name “Alberic” means elf-ruler, or ruler of elves.

Another possible origin for the Avery surname is the Germanic female name “Albreda” which is composed of “alb” meaning elf, and “red” which translates to counsel, making this name mean elf-counsel, or counselor of the elves.

Another possible origin for this name is the Old English pre 7th century personal name of “Aelfric” which comes from “oelf” which also means elf, and “ric” which means kingdom, thus making this name translate to elf-kingdom, or kingdom of the elves.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Every, Averay, Aveary, Aavery, Averye, Avaery, Averiy, Averry, Averry, Avory, Averson, Eavery, Averey

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname Avery is recorded as Geoffrey Aubri, in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridgeshire in the year 1273, under the reign of King Edward I, who was known as “The Hammer of the Scots” and ruled from the year 1272 to the year 1307.

Soon after King Edward I’s reign, the Avery surname was recorded again, in the year 1308, in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridgeshire, as the name John Aubri.

In the year 1573, George Averye was christened on June 9th at Christchurch, Grayfriars, Newgate, and Anne, who was the daughter of Wylliam Avery, was christened on September 22, 1577 at St. Giles, Cripplegate, London.

During The Great Migration, which was when English citizens left their homeland in search of a better life, Christopher Avery, who was born in England, sailed to America aboard the ship named the Arabella in 1630, as a part of the Winthrop Fleet, became the first recorded person, with the surname Avery to cross the pond in search of a better life.

Shortly after Christopher Avery, both Jacob and George Avery sailed to America and settled in the state of Virginia in 1635.

In 1640, Christopher Avery then moved to Gloucester, Massachusetts in 1640, and then moved to Boston, Massachusetts, before setting in New London, Connecticut, where he lived until he died in the year 1670.

In the 18th century, Waightstill Avery, who lived from the year 1741 to the year 1821, settled in the state of North Carolina, and became a lawyer, a Revolutionary War hero, a first attorney general of the state of North Carolina, and then Avery County, North Carolina was named after him for his outstanding service to the United States of America.

William Avery, who was a famine emigrant, sailed aboard the ship named the “Reliance” from Liverpool, England to the state of New York on May 6, 1846. Many settlers moved to Canada, Australia, and New Zealand during the 19th century, spreading the surname even further around the world.

Scotland

In 1526 there is record of Walter Auery, who received a payment from the government after becoming impoverished.

In 1548, Michael Awery in Falkland was a witness to an occurrence. In 1596 John Awerie was a portioner of Newtoun.

Ireland

The Irish variant of the surname Avery is MacAvera. It derives from the Gaelic name Mac Aimhreidh Sept. This family name originated from the Province of Ulster. Specifically, the County Down. The majority of the descendants of this surname can still be found today in the Northern Counties.

Avery Today:

United States 44,956

England 7,760

Canada 3,855

Australia 3,433

New Zealand 921

South Africa 785

Philippines 516

Wales 474

Germany 269

Scotland 249

Notable People:

Brigadier-General Ray Longfellow Avery (1884-1965) who was an American Commanding Officer at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland in the year 1939 to the year 1946

Oswald Theodore Avery (1877-1955) who was a Canadian-born bacteriologist who moved to America and helped to discover the importance of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)

John Avery (1824-1914) who was a physician and politician from the state of Michigan

Charles Avery (1873-1926) who was an actor, director, and screenwriter from America

James Avery (1825-1898) who was a recipient of the American Medal of Honor for his service as a Union Navy seaman during the American Civil War

Tex Avery (1908-1980) who was an animator and director from America, and created the cartoon characters of Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, who were a part of the show Looney Tunes

Milton Avery (1885-1965) who was an American painter who focused on the style of American Modernism and reflected this style in his work

Shondrella Avery (born in 1971) who is an actress from America

Margaret Avery (born in 1944) who is an actress and singer from America

Mt. James Albert Avery (1891-1915) who was just twenty-two years of age when he was serving as an English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire, and working aboard the RMS Titanic, and survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic by escaping on life boat number 15

Avery Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Huwish, co. Somerset and Enfield, co. Middlesex). Gu. a fesse (sometimes a chev.) or, betw. three bezants. Crest—Two lions’ gambs or, supporting a bezant.
2) (Fun. Ent. Ire., 1682). Sa. a chev. or, betw. three bezants.
3) (Haddon, co. Derby). Ar. six annulets gu. three, two, and one.
4) (Fillongley, co. Warwick, 1579. Confirmed by Cooke, Clarenceux). Erm. on a pale engr. az. three lions' heads couped or. Crest—An ounce couchant ar. bezantee ducally gorged or.
5) (Smith’s Ordinary). Sa. a chev. or, betw. three bezants. Crest—A bezant betw. two lion's paws.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
11. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P122
12. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19
14. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P59