Origin, Meaning, Family History and Baldwin Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of Baldwin has derivatives in both Anglo-Saxon and Old German origins. This surname is hereditary and is developed from the personal name given to names, which is Baldwin. This name was popular in the country of England both before and after the Norman Conquest of the year 1066. The given personal name comes from the Old English word of “Bealdwine” and the cognate of the Old German name of “Baldwine.” These names are composed of the elements of “beald” or “bald” which can be translated to mean “bold” or “brave” and the word “wine” which can be translated to mean “friend.” This name most likely also had a Flemish influence, because of the notoriety of the name among both the Normans and the Flanders in the years of the early Middle Ages. It is believed that the Flemish influence was what popularized the name in the country of England in both the 12th and 13th Centuries.
More common variations are: Bauldwin, Baldowin, Baldwain, Baldwinn, Baldwiin, Baldewine, Balldwin, Balddwin, Baldwein
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Baldwin was found in the country of England in the year of 1200. One person by the name of Stephen Baldewin was named and mentioned in the Pipe Rolls of Hampshire. This document was ordered and decreed under the reign of King John of England, who was known as and commonly referred to throughout history as the “Lackland” and ruled from the year 1199 to the year 1216. Other mentions of this surname of Baldwin in England were found throughout history. One John Baldwin was a judge at both the trials of Bishop Fisher and Sir Thomas More, as well as Anne Boleyn, and he died in the year of 1545. Baldwin was also a given name of one of a Crusader, who went on to become the 1st King of Jerusalem who was of the Christian faith, and was also the Count of Flanders from the year 1172 to the year 1205. Those who bear this surname of Baldwin can be found all over the country. There are some with this surname in the city of London, Kent, Sussex, and Norfolk counties, but most reside in the northern region in the counties of both Yorkshire and Lancashire.
Throughout the country of Scotland there are several families who carry the surname of Baldwin. These families are located in the counties of Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, Midlothian, and Aberdeenshire.
United States of America:
In the 1600’s European citizens began to leave their home country in search of a new and better life. The United States of America, which at that time was referred to as the New World, was filled with promises of religious freedom, new and interesting jobs, land with no owner, and better overall living conditions. Thus, America was a high destination during the European Migration. The first person who landed in America and was recorded to have the surname of Baldwin was one George Baldwin who settled in the state of Massachusetts in the city of Boston in 1620. Those who carry the surname of Baldwin in the United States of America can be found in the states of Alabama, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Illinois, New York Iowa, Michigan, Virginia, Ohio, Kansas, Texas and California as well as Georgia.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Baldwin:
United States 92,625, England 18,821, Australia 6,690, Canada 5,752, South Africa 2,320, Wales 1,264, New Zealand 1,205, Mexico 1,021, Scotland 617, France 478
Robert Hayes Burns Baldwin (1920-2016) who was a banker from America, and was the Chairman of Morgan Stanley in the 1970’s, and also served as the United States Under Secretary from the yar 1965 to the year 1967
Mrs. Mary Margaret Baldwin (died in 1915) (nee’ MacCauley) who was a 1st Class Passenger from New York, New York who sailed on the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking of the vessel
Mr. Harry Bradley Baldwin (died in 1915) who was a 1st Class Passenger from New York, New York who sailed on the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking of the vessel
Caleb Cook Baldwin (born in 1820) who was a clergyman from America, and was one of the first Presbyterian missionaries to travel to Foochow, China
Dwight Hamilton Baldwin (1821-1899) who was the founder of the Baldwin Piano Company in the year 1957, and was from America
David Dwight Baldwin (1831-1912) who was a businessman, biologist, and educator from the American state of Hawaii, in the capital city of Honolulu
Baldwin Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Baldwin blazon are the saltire, cockatrice, hazel sprig and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, argent and gules .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries . Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone..
The saltire is one the major ordinaries, large charges that occupy the whole of the field . Arguably one of the best uses of this device is that of the St. Andrews Cross, a white saltire on a blue background found on the Scottish flag. The saltire is obviously closely related to the Cross, and Wade in his work on Heraldic Symbology suggests additionally that it alludes to “Resolution”, whilst Guillim, an even more ancient writer, somewhat fancifully argues that it is awarded to those who have succesfully scaled the walls of towns!
Nowadays we might conflate many mythical creatures under the heading of dragon but to the heraldic artists there was a whole menagerie of quite distinct beasts, the cockatrice or basilisk being one of them. Whilst both the dragon and cocaktrice are winged and scaled, the cocaktrice stands on two legs rather than four. Given the reputation of the basilisk we should not be surprised to find its meaning ascribed as representing “terror to all beholders”.
Amongst the natural objects depicted on a coat of arms, trees feature frequently, either in whole or as individual branches and leaves. . Sometimes the species or the part of tree was chosen as an allusion to the name of the bearer, as in Argent three tree stumps (also known as stocks) sable” for Blackstock Trees of course had long been venerated and its use in a coat of arms may have represented some association with the god Thor