Blazons & Genealogy Notes
(The High House, co. Derby). Ar. a fesse engr. gu.
(The High House, co. Derby). Ar. a fesse engr. gu.
This name is of an English locational origin from either of two places thus called – Bamford in Derbyshire and Lancashire. The former, noted as Banford in The Domesday Book of 1086 and as Bamford in the 1228 Charter of that country, acquires its name from the Old English pre 7th Century “beam” meaning a laser, and Ford, a Ford; hence, “river ford with a beam (or footbridge).” The latter was noted as Baunford in the 1282 “Fine Court Rolls of Lancashire” and as Bamford in 1322 named from similar components. The land of Bamford in Lancashire was given to Thomas de Bamford by Sir Adam de Bury near the year 1216. Amongst the regional variant spellings of the name are Banford, William Banford being noted at the Parish of St. Mary Whitechapel in December 1664, Bunniford also appeared in London in the same period and Bunford, which may acquire from either Banford or Bunniford. In September 1820, Sarah Bunford, daughter of Thomas, named at St. Leonards Parish, Shoreditch. The name shows as Bunford, Banford, Bamford, Bamforth and Baumford in the 1379 “Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire.”
More common variations are: Baumforth, Bamfirth, Pamforth.
The surname Bamforth first appeared in Lancashire, where “the estate of Bamford given to Thomas de Bamfordby, Sir Adam de Bury, temp. Henry III, for his loyalty and, services.” As noted above, Yorkshire was next to a stronghold of the family as recorded in early rolls. The Hundredorum Rolls list Richard de Bamford there in 1273 and after that the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 record as Adam Bamforth and Adam de Baumford. Another source records as “In the 17th century there was an old family of Bamford of Bamford House. There was also another family of Bamford Hall. Jerome Bamford held land in the Mealegate in the estate of Manchester during the reign of Elizabeth. The name well organized in Rochdale parish in the 16th century and still occurs there.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Wiliam de Bamford, dated about 1228, in the “Pipe Rolls of Suffolk.” It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Bamforth had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Some of the individuals with the surname Bamforth who landed in Australia in the 19th century included George Barnforth, an English prisoner from York, who shifted aboard the “Andromeda” in October 1826, settling in Van Diemen‘s Land, Australia.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Bamforth: England 1,307; United States 248; Australia 171; Canada 87; New Zealand 40; Scotland 33; Netherlands 13; Spain 9; South Africa 2; Wales 2.
Scott Douglas Bamforth (born August 1989) is an American professional basketball player who currently plays for Bilbao Basket of the Liga ACB.
The main device (symbol) in the Bamforth blazon is the fesse engrailed. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and gules.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 1Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.
The fesse is a broad horizontal band across the centre of the shield, in very ancient times it was said to occupy one third of the area height of the shield 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P117, however it soon became somewhat narrower. This created an opportunity to add decorative edging to the band, of many forms, and to very pleasing artisitic effect, at least close up – it must be admitted that at distance some of the forms are hard to distinguish! The pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|2.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|3.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|4.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|5.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77|
|6.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P117|