Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Notes: None. Blazon: Or, a blackamoor's head couped sable. Crest—A mortar mounted proper.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Binns Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Binns Origin:

England

Origin of Binns:

This surname derives from the Olde English pre 7th century word ‘binn’ which means a ‘container’ or ‘vessel’, which was used geologically in the West Lothian Area of Scotland and in Yorkshire to express any individual who existed in an enclosed space. One Johannes de Bynnes is recorded in the 1379 Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire. Two more spellings forms of the name have also written as Bynne and Byn. The first listed in Lincolnshire. It was an old custom to add an additional ‘s’ to monosyllabic geographical names. Binns might also be a metonymic professional name for a maker of bowls or holy cradles. A famous name holder was Sir Henry Binns (1837-1899), chief of state of Natal (1897).

Variations:

More common variations of this surname are: Binnes, Binnis, Binnos, Binnss, Bainns, Bienns, Wbinns, Bionns, Binnse, Bins.

England:

The surname Binns first originated in Yorkshire, where they held a family seat from early times, long before Norman Invasion in 1066 A.D.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Binns, which was dated 1273, in the Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire. It was during the time of King Edward I, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

Ireland:

People with the surname Binns had left to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Binns settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Binns who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Mary Binns who settled in New England in 1775.

Some of the individuals with the name Binns who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Benjamin Pemberton Binns moved in Philadelphia in 1817. Charles Binns landed in Philadelphia in 1857.

Australia:

Some of the people with the name Binns who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Agnes Binns arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Lady Bruce” in 1846.

New Zealand:

Some of the people with the name Binns who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Richard Binns at the age of 29 and Mary Ann Bins at the age of 28; both arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship “Oriental” in the same year in 1840. George Binns landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842. George Binns landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship “Bombay.” Joseph Binns arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Mermaid” in 1859.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Binns: United States 5,062; England 4,813; Panama 179; Brazil 191; Jamaica 1,071; Australia 1,303; Scotland 184; Canada 778; New Zealand 286; South Africa 493.

Notable People:

Alfred Binns (born 1929), was West Indian cricket player.

Archie Binns (1899–1971), was an American writer.

Armon Binns (born 1989), was an American football player.

Binns (1857–1935), was an American pottery artist.

Edward Binns, (1916–1990), was an American entertainer.

Eric Binns (1924–2007), was an English football player.

George Binns (1815–1847), was a New Zealand chartist.

Graham Binns was a British administrator.

Henry Binns (1837–1899), was a chairperson of Natal.

Jack R. Binns (born 1933), was an American agent.

James Jepson Binns (c. 1855–1928), was an English specialist.

Joseph Binns (1900–1975), was a British leader.

Kathryn Binns (born 1958), is an English long-distance racer.

Ken Binns (born 1935), is a Canadian player in squash.

Malcolm Binns (born 1936), is a British pianist.

Michael Binns (born 1988) is a Jamaican football player.

Ricardo C. Binns (born 1945), is an American oceanic.

Steve Binns (born 1960), is a British racer.

Stewart Binns (born 1950), is a British writer and producer.

Tom Binns (born 1970), is an author, entertainer, and reporter.

Tony Binns (born 1948), is an English-New Zealand geographer.

Vicky Binns (born 1981), is an English artist.

Vivienne Binns (born 194), is an Australian painter.

Binns Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Binns blazon are the blackamoor and mortar. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and or.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 4. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 5. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 6.

Heraldry is a human art, by and for people and it is not surprising that people themselves are frequently depicted in arms 7. Often these are images of knights and men-at-arms, or individual limbs, such as the “three armoured right arms argent” shown in the arms of Armstrong 8. As well as the nobility however, we also see both the mundane, ploughmen, fishermen and reapers; and the exotic in the form of club wielding savages and the Moorish or Saracen gentleman with his decorative wreathed turban 9. The blackamoor is a typical example of this use of the human figure.

Although we expect to find fierce creatures and fearsome weapons depicted in a coat of arms this is not always the case – sometimes simple household objects are used 10. The ENTRY is a typical example of this. Sometimes these objects were chosen for the familiarity they would have for the obsever, helping them identify the owner, and sometimes they were used because of some association with the owner, or a similarity to the family name. 11

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References

  • 1 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 2 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 3 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 4 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 5 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P174
  • 8 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 60
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P168
  • 10 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281
  • 11 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 100