Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) Notes: None. Blazon: Sable a saltire between four pomeis.
2) Notes: (Rev. John Blow, Rector of Godmanham Rectory, co. York). Blazon: Argent a saltire sable between four torteaux. Crest—Two wings conjoined argent.
This interesting surname is a nickname for Blower and originally evolved from an Anglo-Saxon origin. It is a professional name for a person who used a shouted voice, as a blacksmith’s helper or to give air for a parish part, or for someone who blew a horn, like a hunter or a music performer. The name is acquired from the Middle English (1200-1500) word “blowere,” and from the Olde English pre 7th Century word “blawere,” acquired from “blawan,” which means to blow. The surname since 1199 consists of Lucia Blowere, assistanct in the Assize Rolls of Kent, and Reginald le Blawere in the 1327 premium Rolls of Essex. The newer version of the surname can appear as Blower, Blow, and Bloor(e), while the nickname Blowers started in East Anglia. Listed in the London Parish Records are the naming of Edward, son of James and Martha Blowers, in September 1661 at St. Dunstan’s, Stepney, and the wedding of Obadiah Blowers and Ann Lavson in May 1667 at St. James’, Duke’s Place.
More common variations are: Balow, Bulow, Below, Blouw, Bilow, Bylow, Bolow, Bloew, Bllow, Bleow.
The origins of the surname Blow are found in Staffordshire at Blore Heath, a comparatively populated place of countryside, famous as the area of the first prominent war in September 1459.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of William le Blowerre, dated about 1190, in the “Pipe Rolls of Surrey.” It was during the time of King Richard I, who was known to be the “The Lionheart,” dated 1189-1199. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with the name Blow had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Blow settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Blow who settled in the United States in the 17th century included John Blow landed in Virginia in the year 1650.
Some of the people with the surname Blow who settled in Australia in the 19th century included William Blow at the age of 37 settled in South Australia in the year 1854 aboard the ship “Emigrant.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Blow: United States 3,728; England 1,371; Australia 568; Canada 286; South Africa 384; Wales 135; Germany 370; New-Zealand 85; Denmark 226; France 98.
David Mervyn Blow was born in 1931. He is a prominent British biophysicist. He was famous for the improvement of X-ray crystallography, a method used to introduce the molecular patterns of tens of thousands of biological particles. The procedure is used regularly in the medicine industry.
Detmar Blow (born 1867), was a British builder of the 20th century, who developed mainly in the arts. His customers were mainly related to the British gentility, and then he became a lands holder to the Duke of Westminster.
Godfrey Blow (born 1948), was an actor, who lived in Kalamunda, Western Australia.
Henry Taylor Blow (born 1817), was an American ambassador from Missouri.
Isabella Blow (1958 – 2007), was a British magazine writer and international icon.
John Blow (born 1649), was an English writer and organist.
Jonathan Blow was a video game developer and designer. He is famous as the builder of Braid, which was published in 2008.
Kurtis Blow is an American rapper.
Sandra Blow (born 1925), is a famous English painter. She was born in London. She spent weekends and vacations at her grandparents’ fruit field where she learned to paint and crafted the art.
Susan Elizabeth Blow (June 1843 in Carondelet, Missouri – March 1916 in New York City, New York) was an American professor who started the first kindergarten in the United States. She is famously known as the “Mother of Kindergarten.”
Thomas Blow was a local level politician from Alberta, Canada.
The four main devices (symbols) in the Blow blazon are the pomeis, torteaux, wings and saltire. The four main tinctures (colors) are very, sable, gules and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.4The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The word Pomeis is a simple short-hand for the charge otherwise known as a roundle vert, and represented as a plain green circle. Its origin is obviously in the French word pomme, meaning “apple”. Indeed, Wade conflates the symbology of the “pomeis” with that of all fruit representations, being suggestive of “liberality, felicity and peace”.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146 One of the simplest such shapes is the plain circle, known to heralds as the roundle. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle So popular is this charge that a shorthand has arisen for roundles of a particular colour and torteau is a roundle gules, or red. (We must be careful however not to confuse this with the word in French heraldry, in which torteau means roundle and must have the colour specified.) Most authorities agree that the English usage signifies the “Manchet cake” or communion wafer and thus is a symbol of religious allegiance.
Wings are frequently observed in coats of arms. Unless otherwise specified they should be shown as eagle’s wings, with a realistic appearance. 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Wing They can appear singly or in pairs, in which form they are very often found in the crest, which rests above the shield in a full achievement of arms. Wade, quoting Quillim, suggests that the use of the wing on the shield signifies “celerity and protection or covering”. 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P73
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable|
|2.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|3.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35|
|4.||↑||The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180|
|5.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313|
|6.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|7.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|8.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|9.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146|
|10.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle|
|11.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Wing|
|12.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P73|