Bowker Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Bowker Family Coat of Arms

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Bowker Coat of Arms Meaning

Bowker Name Origin & History

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Bowker Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Bowker blazon are the bend and eagle. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and argent.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.

Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle. They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238 as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74, but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Bowker Name

Bowker Origin:

England, France

Origin of Bowker:

Bowker is a surname which derives from a French origin and is a professional name for butcher or meat merchant. It is a very important profession in England. The foundation of this name related to the Ancient French word “bouchier” and the Middle English advancement “boucher.” The following examples represent the name improvement later in 1184 like Richard Le Bucher in Hoof of Fines of Essex in the year 1240, William Bochier in the year 1327 in premium Revolution of Sussex, Alan le Boucher, and Thomas le Bouker in premium Revolution of Lancashire in the year 1332. In the modern era, the derivation of the surname consists of Bucher, Boutcher, Boucker, and Bowker. Professional surnames authentically represented the real profession by any person, and after sometimes it appeared as genetic. One Richard Butcher (1583 – 1665) was a city agent of Stanford (1646) and the name was listed in Barbados. A christening took place in December 1678, in St. Michael’s Church in London for John and Mary Butchep

Variations:

More common variations of this surname are: Bowcker, Bowoker, Bouwker, Boker, Bwker, Booker, Bouker, Boaker, Bawker, Bocker.

England:

The surname Bowker firstly originated in Lincolnshire. They were authentically associated with Beaucir in Calvados in Normandy and came to England with Duke William in 1066.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Ailwardus Le Bochere, which was dated 1184, in the “Pipe Rolls of London.” It was during the time of King Henry II, who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches,” 1154 – 1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Bowker settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Bowker who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Robert Bowker landed in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637. Edmund Bowker, who landed in New England in 1646 and Edward Bowker, who arrived in Maryland in the year 1650.

Some of the people with the name Bowker who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Abraham Bowker who settled in Virginia in 1700. James Bowker and Ralph Bowker, both landed in Virginia in the same year in 1704.

Some of the people with the name Bowker who settled in the United States in the 19th century included John Bowker who arrived in Philadelphia in 1848 along with William, Thomas, and James. T. Bowker arrived in San Francisco in 1850. A Bowker and O F Bowker both arrived in San Francisco, California in the same year in 1851. Abraham Bowker came to Philadelphia in 1858.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Bowker: United States 4,954; England 2,802; Spain 33; Zimbabwe 27; Wales 102; Australia 609; Scotland 138; Canada 510; South Africa 2,740; New Zealand 291.

Notable People:

Alan Bowker is a Canadian professor.

Albert H. Bowker (1919–2008), was an American lecturer.

Art Bowker (born 1961), was an American author.

David Bowker (sailor) (born 1922), was a British Olympic mariner.

David Bowker (writer), is a British writer and composer.

Emily Bowker is a British artist and entertainer.

Geoffrey C. Bowker is an American scholar of informatics.

Gordon Bowker is an American trader.

Horace Bowker (1877–1954), was an American businessman.

James Henry Bowker (1822–1900), was a South African Zoologist and fighter.

Sir James Bowker (1901–1983), was a British agent.

Joe Bowker (1881–1955), was an English fighter.

John Bowker (baseball) (born 1983), was an American professional baseball referee.

Joseph Bowker (1725–1784), was an American national leader and politician.

Judi Bowker (born 1954), is an English film and television artist and entertainer.

Neville Bowker is a Rhodesian champion fighter.

Peter Bowker (born 1958), is a British writer.

Radney Bowker (born 1979), is a British American NFL player.

Richard Bowker (1815–1903), was an Australian doctor and political leader.

Richard Rogers Bowker (1848–1933), was an American businessman.

Richard Bowker (British merchant) (born 1966), is a manager of National Express Group

Silas Bowker (1769–1834), was a New York political leader.

Bowker Family Gift Ideas

Browse Bowker family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Notes: None. Blazon: Argent a bendlet between two eagles displayed azure.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
5. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Eagle
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P235-238
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P72-74