Branton Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Branton Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Branton:
This unusual and interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon in origin and is a geographical name from either of two places in the north of England named as Branton. The first one is a worker of wool in Northumberland, and the second is in the southeast of Doncaster in the West Riding of Yorkshire, or from the church and hamlet of Braunton in Devonshire. The first described place, is listed as “Bremetona”, near the year 1150, and as “Bremtun” in the Book of Fees for Northumberland, dated 1236, it is so named from the Olde English pre 7th Century words “Bremen”, which means broomy, and “tun”, which means area bounded by something, agreement. So, the whole meanings of the words are “enclosure where broom raised.” The Yorkshire place, existing as “Brantune” in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as “Bramton” in the 1240 Feet of Fines for that district, has as its first component the Olde English “brom,” sweeper, with “tun.” Braunton in Devonshire listed as “Brantona” in the Domesday Book, and as “Bramtona” in 1169, shares the similar meaning and foundation. Geographical surnames, like this, were frequently provided to local landholders, and the king of the castle, and particularly as a source of recognition to people who departed their mother town to settle another place. In 1379, one Johannes Branton was listed in the census Tax Returns documentations of Yorkshire, and in April 1539, the birth of Alse Branton recorded at Northam, Devonshire. The family monogram describes a silver cross in the mid of four gold mullets on a black shield with a red bordure.
More common variations are: Braunton, Bryanton, Brianton, Brainton, Baranton, Brandton, Brantton, Braneton, Brantonne, Bereanton.
The origins of the surname Branton were found in Norfolk where people held a family seat from early times. Some say before the success of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Ralph de Branton, dated about 1162, in the “Pipe Rolls of Northamptonshire.” It was during the time of King Henry II, who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches,” dated 1154-1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with name Branton had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Branton settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Branton who landed in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Branton who landed in Virginia in the year 1637.
The following century saw many more Branton surnames arrive. Some of the population with the name Branton who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included L Branton came in San Francisco, California in the year 1860.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Branton: United States 3,500; England 914; Canada 640; Australia 158; Saudi Arabia 154; France 49; New Zealand 28; Ireland 16; Netherlands 13; Spain 12.
Leo Branton Jr. (February 1922 – April 2013) was an American trial advocate. He graduated from Tennessee State University and got his law degree from Northwestern University School of Law in 1948. He gave served in the Army during World War II. He supported Nat King Cole in a label conflict, along with Jimi Hendrix’s and others.
Parey Branton was born in 1918. He was an American leader and businessman from Shongaloo, Louisiana, who from the year 1960 to 1972 was a common representative of the Louisiana House of Representatives from what is now known as Division 10 in Webster church.
Ronald ‘Ron’ Branton is an old Australian rules footballer who played in the VFL between the years 1953 and 1962 for the Richmond Football Club.
Wiley A Branton (1923–1988), was a famous American lawyer.
Branton Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Branton blazon are the mullet and cross. The four main tinctures (colors) are sable, gules, or and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.9Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 10Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 12Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 13A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 15Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 16A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 17A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 18A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.