Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (William Brinton, Esq., Brookstreet, Grosvenorsquare, London). Per pale ar. and gu. a lion salient double queued betw. three annulets counterchanged. Crest—In front of a saltire gu. a beacon sa. fired ppr.
2) Ar. a chev. betw. three martlets sa.
3) Gu. a lion ramp. ar. tail forked.
4) Gu. a lion ramp. tail forchee or (another, erm.).
5) Sa. five fusils in bend ar.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Brinton Coat of Arms and Family Crest

The origins of the Brinton name come from when the Anglo-Saxon tribes ruled over Britain.  The name Brinton originally acquired from a family having lived in the village of Brinton in the division of Norfolk.  Brinton appears in the Domesday Book as belonging to the Bishop of Thetford, and having a total value of thirty pounds.  Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence.  Components of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate.  The variations of the surname Brinton include Brinton, Brinston, Brinson, Brinstone, Bryenton, Brintnell and many more. More common variations are: Brianton, Brainton, Bruinton, Burinton, Briniton, Brintton, Beriton, Byrinton, Breinton, Brintn.

The surname Brinton first appeared in Norfolk at Brinton, a church, in the hundreds of Holt.  The village dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it first noted as Bruntuna.  Literally, the place name means "estate related to a man called Bryni," from the Old English personal name "-ing" and "tun."

Some of the people with the name Brinton who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Brinton who settled in Virginia in 1606 before the "Mayflower".  Thomas Brinton, who arrived in New Jersey in 1675.  Thomas Brinton, who landed in New Jersey in 1675.  William Brinton, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1684.  William Brinton, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1684. Some of the people with the surname Brintonwho arrived in the United States in the 19th century included William Brinton, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1864. Some of the indiduals with the surname Brinton who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Mary Brinton, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Amazon".

Brinton Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Brinton blazon are the lion, martlet and chevron. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, sable and argent .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 4. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 5. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 6.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8.

The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions 9 10 11. Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield 12 .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” 13, a sentiment echoed equally today.

The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 14. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 15. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 16, or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.17. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 18, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 3 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
  • 4 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 5 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 6 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 7 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 8 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P172
  • 10 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 63
  • 11 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P140
  • 12 A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P45
  • 13 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P60
  • 14 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet
  • 15 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79
  • 16 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
  • 17 The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
  • 18 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45