Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Brockman Name
The English surname Brockman is a derivative of the old English word “broc” which translates to brook. It would have been used regarding someone who lived near a stream, as such it would be considered geographical. “Brock” is also a medieval name originating Brittonic or Welsh, for a Badger, with the latter addition of “Man” making the name as someone who hunts badgers. In the heraldic bestiary of fantastical creatures, Badgers are still referred to as a Brock. It is not uncommon then to see a Badger associated with this surname.
The variations in the spelling of the surname includes; Brockman; Brookmen; Brookman; and Brockmen among others. The variations in spelling of surnames, as well as many given names dating back to ancient times can be attributed to a lack of consistency regarding guidelines for spelling in use by the scribes who recorded such information, many of which were in the habit of spelling phonetically. The issue of multiple spellings of names in records was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time.
Until the Norman invasion and conquest, surnames were rarely if ever used. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times in most of Britain, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities knew each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, as communities grew and people began to migrate on a larger scale, along with the need of the government having a reliable way to track people for tax and census purposes, the Norman aristocracy’s penchant for using surnames seemed the appropriate evolution to this problem. In most instances to distinguish themselves, one from another, those not of the noble class would often be identified by their given name plus their occupation while others may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent’s names. There was a boundless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal/matriarchal names or reference to the individuals occupation, there were things such as defining physical traits, a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individual’s home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Over the course or time, surnames would come not just to represent an individual but whole families.
One of the earliest record of any variation of this surname is that of Eustace del Broc which appears in the Northampton tax rolls from 1130. The tax rolls, were a series of census and tax records kept by the English Treasury by order of King Henry I, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. These documents are considered the oldest continuous set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom spanning a period of over seven centuries, they have proven invaluable to researches over the years.
The use of surnames also made the tracking of immigrants easier when people began migrating to America and the British Commonwealth countries of Canada, Australia. And New Zealand. Some of
the first recorded immigrants to the United States with this surname were Henry Brockmon who arrived in 1674 and settled in Maryland. James Brockmon landed in 1740 and settled in Maryland and John Brockmon landed in 1749 and settled in Maryland.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Brockmon are found in the United States, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Brockmon live in Kentucky, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, and Michigan.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname such as British born military leader and landowner, Sir William Brockman. He attended Oxford University, was the High Sheriff of Kent, was Knighted by King Charles I, and served in the Royal Army during the English Civil War.
American born United States Naval officer, Rear Admiral William Herman Brockmon, Jr., served in the military during World War II. He specialized in submarines, serving as Commanding Officer of the Nautilus during the Battle of Midway. For his part in this military campaign he was awarded the Navy Cross with two gold stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.
American born fashion designer, author, and professor, Helen Brockmon, was a professor at New York’s Fashion Institute of Technology and Kansas State University in the College of Human
Ecology’s Department of Clothing and Textiles. Brockmon’s, The Theory Of Fashion Design, was integral in making a name for herself in the fashion industry.
Brockman Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Brockman blazon are the fleur-de-lis, martlet and cross formee fitchee. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, sable and argent .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. . Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” . Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross formee is typical of these, (also known as a cross pattee) it has arms which broaden out in smooth curves towards the ends.The fitchee term simply indicates that the lower arm is pointed, as if it is to be planted in the ground