Origins of Name:
The surname of Bruce is of Scottish and Norman-French origins. This surname is a locational name from an extensive fortress between the cities of Vherbourg and Vherbourg. The fortress was built by Adam de Brus at Brix, from Normandy, which was called the “Chateau d’Adam.” Because this surname of Bruce is locational, this means that the surname was often taken by the Lord or owner of the land from which the name derives. Others who may have taken a locational surname are people who have migrated out of the area to seek out work. The easiest way to identify someone who was a stranger at that time was by the name of their birthplace. The other possible places that this surname of Bruce is locational for are in Brieuxe, which was a place in Normandy. This surname of Bruce was introduced to the country of England following the Norman Conquest of 1066.
More common variations are: Brewis, Browse, Bruice, Brucee, Bruece, Pbruce, Bruuce, Bruyce, Brouce, Brucea, Brruce, Breuce
The first recorded spelling of the surname of Bruce was in the country of England in the year of 1086. One person, who was recorded to be named as Robert de Bruis was mentioned in the Doomsday Book of 1086. The Doomsday Book was a “Great Survey” of England, under the direction of King William I, who was also known as “The Conqueror,” and who ruled between the year 1066 and the year 1087. Other mentions of the surname of Bruce in the country of England include one Robert de Brus, who was mentioned in Clerkenwell, Middlesex in the year of 1152, and Richard de Brus, who was in Essex in the year of 1274. Those who bear the surname of Bruce in the country of England can be found throughout the country, but mostly in the northeast region. The areas with the highest concentration of those who carry this surname are found in the counties of Northumberland, Durham, Yorkshire and Lancashire, as well as Essex county and the city of London.
Those who bear the surname of Bruce who inhabit the country of Scotland can be found all over the nation. The greatest concentration of those who are known by the surname of Bruce can be found in the counties of Aberdeenshire, Angus, Banffshire, Fife, Midlothian and Lanarkshire.
United States of America:
During the European Migration, settlers across Europe decided to leave their homes, and sought after a better life. This new life was largely available in the United States of America, which at that time was referred to as The New World, or The Colonies, and promised freedom from religious persecution, new fulfilling and largely available work, and land. Settlers who carry the surname of Bruce did not migrate to the United States until almost 20 years into the European Migration. It is possible that someone who bore this surname attempted the journey, but could not survive the harsh conditions of travel. The first person to have the surname of Bruce to arrive in the United States was one Richard Bruce, who settled in the state of Virginia in the year 1638. Those who carry this surname of Bruce can be found in New York, Massachusetts, Illinois, Texas, California, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi and Washington.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Bruce:
United States 61,837, Ghana 16,135, England 16,036, Canada 9,326, Nigeria 8,406, Australia 7,505, Scotland 6,976, South Africa 5,790, Togo 5,027, Uganda 3,361
John Bruce (1832-1901) who was a U.S. District Judge for Alabama from the year 1875 to the year 1901, and was a politician from America
Lieutenant-General Andrew Davis Bruce (1894-1969) who was the American Commandment of the Armed Forces Staff College from the year 1951 to the year 1954
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (1898-1977) who was a diplomat from America who served as the Ambassador to France, to the Republic of Germany and the United Kingdom, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Thaddeus C. Bruce, who was the Member of Connecticut State Senate in the 21st District in the year 1842, and was a politician from America
William Bruce, who was an Alternate Delegate to the Republican National Convention from Maine in the year 1960, and was a Republican politician from America
William CaBell Bruce (1860-1946) who was a Member of the Maryland State Senate from the year 1894 to the year 1896, and was a U.S. Senator from Maryland in the year 1923 to the year 1929, and was a Democratic politician from America