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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Justice of Common Pleas, 1487). Ar. on a chev. betw. three leopards’ faces sa. as many annulets of the field. Crest—On a ducal coronet a peacock ppr.
2) Or, a boar’s head erased sa. in base a cinquefoil gu.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Callow Coat of Arms and Family Crest

Callow Origin:

England

Origins of Callow:

There are three possible origins of this interesting name, the first being that it is geographical from places in Derbyshire and Herefordshire. Two of the places, near Wirksworth and Hathersage, in Derbyshire, acquire from the old English pre 7th Century "cald," which means cold, cool and "hlaw," which means a slope. While Callow near Mappleton and in Herefordshire get their names from "calu," which means nude or naked, and "hlaw," which means a hill, slope. Another possibility is that this is a Manx name, an Anglicized form of the Gaelic "Mac Caolaidhe," and a patronymic (the "mac" mentioning "son of ") from the particular name "Caoladhe," a derivation of "caol," which means thin or good-looking. Callow was first brought in England, via Sussex, from Bordeaux in the 13th Century and a family became settled in Norfolk, determine their origin to Nicholas de Kalewe (1286), who it thought came from a line of Dutch or Flemish traders. Records in London show that the name was reintroduced in the 18th Century by French Huguenot exiles who had fled murder and sought refuge in Britain, e.g., Anne Caillou, named at the French Huguenot Parish at Threadneedle Street in March 1730.

Variations:

More common variations are: Calow, Calljouw, Cauellow, Gallow, Collow, Kallow, Cullow, Callaw, Calhow, Caljow.

England:

The origins of the surname Callow appeared in Worcestershire where people held a family seat from old times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Brichric se Calewa, dated about 1070, in the "Old English Bynames of Somerset," Huntingdonshire. It was during the time of King William I, who was known to be the “Conquerer," dated 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Callow had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Callow landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Callow who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Christian Callow who settled in New England in 1698.

The following century saw much more Callow surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Callow who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included John R Callow, who came to America in 1807. John Callow arrived in Philadelphia in 1813.

Canada:

People with the surname Callow who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Stephen Callow, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749. Mr. Thomas Callow U.E. landed at Harbor Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia in October 1783 was traveler number 202 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton," picked up in September 1783 at Staten Island, New York.

Australia:

Some of the individuals with the surname Callow who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Elizabeth Callow, an English prisoner from Chester, who was transported aboard the "Arab" in December 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia.

New-Zealand:

Some of the population with the surname Callow who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included Robert Callow, aged 35 and Emily Callow, aged 22, both came to Nelson aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1842

Here is the population distribution of the last name Callow: England 2,721; United States 1,556; Australia 956; Canada 362; South Africa 310; Isle of Man 240; Wales 158; Scotland 118; New Zealand 99; France 86.

Notable People:

Christos Callow (born 1955), is a Greek musician.

Eleanor Callow (born 1927), is an old Canadian baseball player.

Henry Callow (died 2006), was a Manx justice.

Kenneth Callow (1901–1983), was a British biochemist.

Simon Callow (born 1949), is an English actor.

William Callow, (1812–1908), was a British artist.

William G. Callow (born 1921), is an American justice.

Callow Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Callow blazon are the boar, peacock, annulet and leopard’s face. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and or.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6.

In the middle ages, the wild boar, a far more fearsome creature than its domesticated relative, the pig was a much more commonly seen animal than today. It was also known as a sanglier. 7 It can appear in many of the same poses that we see for the lion, but has its own (easily imagined!) position known as enraged! 8 We should not be surprised then that this “fierce combatant” is said to be associated with the warrior. 9

Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 10. The peacock provides an instantly recognisable species, almost always facing the viewer with the full glory of the tail expanded in a pose known as in his pride. 11 Wade reckons it the “most beautiful and proudest of birds”. 12

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 13xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims. 14

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References

  • 1 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
  • 2 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
  • 3 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
  • 4 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
  • 5 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
  • 6 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 7 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 72
  • 8 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Boar
  • 9 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P67
  • 10 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
  • 11 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Peacock
  • 12 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P77
  • 13 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
  • 14 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P19