Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Cambridge Name
Origins of Cambridge:
This popular geographical surname was uncommonly originally listed in its original place of Cambridge in Cambridgeshire. It was common to call an unknown person by the name of the place from whence they arrived, that is if they were not already so-called by the value of their holding either the rank of ‘King of the Castle’, or possibly a holy post. There are many surnames which acquire from the two Cambridges, and these probably were Cammidge, Gammage, and Cammage following idiom and dialect. In Roman times the then reinforced town of Cambridge in Cambridgeshire was called ‘Granchester ‘The fort on the Granta river,’ and is so listed by the Grand Bede in the year 730 a.d. The Agreement of the borough of Cambridge in 1125 was spelled as ‘Cantebruge, ‘ and when Chaucer was established a hundred years later it had advanced into ‘Cambrugge.’ As late as 1400 the county was called ‘Cambruggeshire.’ The Gloucester Hamlet is first listed as ‘Cambrigga’ in the year 1200 and looks to have quickly created surnames. First examples from both places contain Richard de Cambrige in the pipe rolls of Stafford for the year 1182, while Alan de Cambrigge also of Stafford, noted in the Assize Rolls of 1227, and Stephen de Caumbrigge listed in Cambridge (Cambridgeshire) in 1348. Next examples contain as Thomas Camage who buried at St James Church, Clerkenwell in 1607, and Abraham Cambridge who married Millicant Tidman at St Antholins parish, London, in 1729.
More common variations are: Caimbridge, Campbridge, Camobridge, Camebridge, Cambrdge, Combridge, Gambridge, Cumbridge, Kambridge, Coombridge.
The origins of the surname Cambridge appeared in Yorkshire where people held a family seat from early times. Someone say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Picot de Grantebridge, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book of Cambridgeshire,” It was during the time of King William I, who was known to be the “The Conquerer,” dated 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Cambridge had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Cambridge landed in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Cambridge who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Nicholas Cambridge settled in New England in 1664. Moll Cambridge who settled in Jamaica and Barbados in 1694.
People with the surname Cambridge who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Francis Cambridge, who landed in Virginia in 1711.
The following century saw more Cambridge surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Cambridge who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Capt. Cambridge and Mr. Cambridge, both landed in San Francisco, California in the same year 1851.
People with the surname Cambridge who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Mr. John Cambridge U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia in December 1783 was traveler no. 460 aboard the ship HMS Clinton”, selected up in November 1783 at East River, New York.
Some of the individuals with the surname Cambridge who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Owen Cambridge arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Gipsy Queen” in 1850.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Cambridge: England 2,113; United States 2,017; Canada 448; Australia 447; Guyana 289; Trinidad and Tobago 279; South Africa 256; The Bahamas 244; New Zealand 163; Mexico 157.
Asuka Antonio “Aska” Cambridge is a Japanese track and field runner.
Cambridge Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Cambridge blazon are the cross pattee, swan, pile and cross formee. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, argent and gules .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect.
Wade suggests that the appearance of a swan in a coat of arms is perhaps an indication of a musical person, or a “ lover of poetry and harmony”. It is generally shown in a lifelike aspect and colouring, although it may be leaked and legged with other colours. . It is a popular charge, both on the shield itself and impress, sometimes sitting and sometimes rising as if about to take off in flight.
The pile was originally quite a simple shape, being a triangle reaching from the top of the shield down to a point near the lower centre . A clear example being that of CHANDOS awarded in 1337, Or a pile gules. There is some argument as to the origin, Wade suggests some similarity with the meaning of “pile” in construction (a foundation) and hence that the shape could be adopted by those who have demonstrated some ability in the building trade . An earlier writer, Guillim, perhaps more plausibly suggested that the shape echoes those of a pennant or triangular flag The shape is quite distinctive however and became popular, leading to many embellishments to distinguish it from its close fellows, with multiple piles meeting at various points, starting from various edges and with additional decoration, leading to potentially quite complex descriptions!