Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Carbonell Name
Origins of Carbonell:
This interesting name with different spellings such as, Carnell, Carnelley, Carbonell, and Cardinal, has two possible sources, the first of which is a professional name for a crossbowman who was an expert in fighting from the fortification of castles. It acquires from the Anglo-Norman French “carnel” which means fortification, hollow. The second may be a reduced form of the surnames Carbonell and Cardinal. Carbonell acquires from the Old French “carbon,” which means charcoal, a nickname for a person with a brown coloring or hair black as coal, the essential qualities of charcoal. The name was sometimes complicated with the surname Cardinal and became Carnall. The surname Cardinal acquires from the Old French “Cardinal,” which means first, prime, the parish celebrity, a pageant name or a pet name for a chief or a person who continually dressed in red. One Hugo de la Karnell appears in the Feet of Fines for Huntingdonshire, 1247. In September 1629, Andrew Carnall named in St. Mary’s, Whitechapel, Stepney, London.
More common variations are: Carboneli, Carbonella, Carbonello, Carbonnell, Carboneill, Carbonelle, Carboonell, Carbbonell, Carbonel, Carbnell.
The surname Carbonell was first found in Normandy, where this remarkable family were fathers of Cerisy in the arrondissement of St-Lo.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of William de la Kernel, dated about 1244, in the “Cartulary of the Monastery in Ramsy,” Cambridgeshire. It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Carbonell had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the surname Carbonell who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Jaime Carbonell at the age of 33, landed in Puerto Rico in the year 1804. Jose Antonio Carbonell, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816. I Carbonell at the age of 40, landed in New Orleans, La in the year 1823. In Carbonell, who arrived in New Orleans, La in the year 1829. Juan Carbonell at the age of 35, arrived in New Orleans, La in the year 1831.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Carbonell: Spain 17,603; Philippines 11,922; Cuba 9,785; Colombia 4,664; Mexico 2,984; United States 2,932; Venezuela 2,684; Argentina 2,643; Peru 1,753; Guatemala 1,353.
Daniel Carbonell was a Cuban baseball player
Jaime Guillermo Carbonell was born in July 1953. He is a computer scientist who has made critical donations to the advancement of natural language processing tools and technologies. His expanded research in machine translation has resulted in the advancement of many state-of-the-art language translations and artificial skill systems. He got his B.S. degrees in Physics and Mathematics from MIT in 1975 and did his Ph.D. under Dr. Roger Schank at Yale University in 1979.
Manuel Carbonell (October 1918 – November 2011) was renowned as the last of the Cuban Master artist. He was part of the generation of Cuban artists, which included Wifredo Lam and Agustin Cardenas, that studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes “San Alejandro,” Havana Cuba.
Néstor Gastón Carbonell was born in December in the year 1967. He is an American actor. He is probably most popular for his roles as Richard Alpert in ABC’s drama series Lost, and Mayor Anthony Garcia in the Christopher Nolan films The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises.
Teresa Gisbert Carbonell de Mesa was born in the year 1926. He is a Bolivian designer and art professor. She specializes in the history of the Andean region.
Tomás Carbonell Lladó was born in August in the year 1968. He is an old professional tennis player from Spain.
Carbonell Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Carbonell blazon are the plate, cross and sword. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, sable and azure .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose One of the simplest such shapes is the plain circle, known to heralds as the roundle. So popular is this charge that a shorthand has arisen for roundles of a particular colour and plate is a roundle argent, or white. Most authorities agree that the English usage signifies the “Manchet cake” or communion wafer and thus is a symbol of religious allegiance.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . Indeed, the sheer variety of different swords can be bewildering and expaining the difference between a scimitar and a falchion is perhaps best left to the expert! If a charge is described just as a simple sword then it will have a straight blade and cross handle, that may be of a different colour, and, unless specified, points upwards. Wade, quoting the earlier writer Guillim, signifies the use of the sword as representing “Government and Justice”.