Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Colt Name
Origins of Colt:
This interesting and uncommon old English name is a regional alternative to a metonymic professional name, Colt, given to a person who looked after donkeys or horses. The origin is from the Old English pre 7th Century “Colt,” which means a young donkey, also a young horse. In Northern England “Colt” was the general word for working horses or asses. However, it is also possible that this could be a pet name surname for a happy, active, person. In the new era, the spelling alternatives contain as Colter, Coltman, and the after that Coldman, a late southern regional spelling. Examples of name carriers contain as Anselm Colt in 1020 a.d, Henry Le Colt in the Stafford Assize Rolls of 1227, Robert Le Coltier of Oxford in 1285, Peter Colthird of York in 1301 and Anote Coltman in the Premium Rolls of Cumberland for 1332. The recording as Coldman is clearly the 19th century, an example being Michael Coldman, listed at the parish of St Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, in July 1833, in the rule of King William 1V (1830 – 1837).
More common variations are: Coult, Coalt, Colet, Colta, Colet, Colta, Colot, Colat, Colit, Colty, Colto, Colte.
The surname Colt was first discovered in Perthshire, a former province in the new Cabinet Area of Perth and Kinross, found in central Scotland, where they held a family seat from old times, some say well before the Norman invasion and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family name was shown to be that of Godric Colt, dated about 1017, in the “Old English Bynames.” It was during the time of King Canute, dated 1016-1035. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Colt had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Colt landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Colt who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Colt, who arrived in Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1625. John Colt settled in Massachusetts in 1633. William Colt, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1648. Ellinor Colt, who landed in Virginia in 1651. George Colt, who came to Virginia in 1654.
The following century saw more Colt surnames come. Some of the people with the name Colt who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included P Colt at the age of 11, landed in New York, NY in 1847. Samuel Colt and Hiram Colt, both landed in San Francisco, California in the same year 1851.
Some of the individuals with the surname Colt who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Robert Colt arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Madawaska” in 1849. Patrick Colt at the age of 24 arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Admiral Boxer.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Colt: United States 1,858; Romania 522; Brazil 270; Canada 121; England 108; France 49; Sweden 44; Australia 37; Singapore 24; Spain 16.
Samuel Colt (1814-1862), was an American designer and manager, an originator of Colt’s Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company.
Alvin Colt (1916–2008), was an American dress artist.
Harry Colt (1869-1951), was an English golf-course designer.
James Colt (1932-2008), was an American advocate.
John C. Colt (1810-1842), was an American accounting authority, criminal and brother of Samuel Colt.
Johnny Colt (born 1968), is an American bass guitarist.
Judah Colt (1761–1832), was an old immigrant of Erie County, Pennsylvania.
LeBaron Bradford Colt, (1846–1924), was a U.S. Representative from Rhode Island.
Marshall Colt (born 1948), is an old actor and currently a practicing psychologist.
Roswell L. Colt (1779-1856), was an American businessman.
Colt Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Colt blazon are the colt, fesse and pheon. The three main tinctures (colors) are argent, or and sable .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The horse Is a typical example of these.
The fesse (also found as fess) is one of the major ordinaries to found in heraldry, being a bold, broad, horizontal band across the centre of the shield. It may originally have arisen from the planks of which a wooden shield can be constructed, the centremost plank being painted a different colour . It is instantly recognisable as a symbol, for example the arms of COLEVILLE granted during the reign of Hery III are simply or, a fesse gules. With this clear association with the construction of the shield itself, Wade believes that the fesse can be taken to be associated with the military, as a “girdle of honour”.
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . The pheon is a specific type of arrow head with barbs and darts and hence quite distinctive in appearance. Like the other symbols related to arrows, Wade suggests the symbolism is that of “readiness for military service”.