Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Notes: None. Blazon: Sable three hinds countertrippant argent.
Notes: None. Blazon: Sable three hinds countertrippant argent.
The Cottingham surname is of an English regional origin and is associated with the Cottingham church near Hull (East Moving of Yorkshire) or a church near Rockingham (Northamptonshire). Both areas are listed as “Cotingeham” in the Domesday Book of 1066. The meaning of the name is “The House of Cotta’s individuals.” The word “-ing” when following a particular name means “relative of,” ‘receiver of’ or further generally “people.” Regional surnames progressed when old residents of a region moved from one place to another, generally for work, and were then recognized there by the name of the place of their birth. The surname was first listed at the end of the 14th century. In 1547 the wedding of Elizabeth Cotingham and Edmund Bragge was recorded in London in Wedding Licence Lists. In July 1635, a George Cottingham at the age of 20, entered from London on the ship “Primrose” bound for Virginia. He was one of the earliest listed name holders to enter America.
More common variations of this surname are: Cotingham, Cottingam, Cottinagham, Cuttingham, Cattingham, Cottingame, Kottingham, Cotiinghom, Cottinghom, Gottingham.
The surname Cottingham first originated in Yorkshire at Cottingham, a hamlet and civil church in East Riding which was listed to the Domesday Book when it was recorded as Cotingeham. Leland, in his collected works, states that William de Estoteville or Stuteville, Constable of Yorkshire, honored King John here, and gained from that king, in the year 1200, an agreement to hold a market and fair, and to organize and secure his residence. The area name means “a house for a family or admirer of a man recognized as Cott or Cotta” acquired from the Olde English particular name “Inga” and “ham.” Baynard Palace, sometimes was called “palace at Cottingham” or “Stuteville’s palace” which was a protected palace created in the 12th and 13th centuries in the hamlet. Sarum Castle is situated in the southern one-half of the formation of the palace. The Northampshire Cottingham correspondingly recorded with similar spellings forms in the Domesday Book. One of the first schedules of the name was Robertus de Cotyngham who recorded in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robertus de Cotyngham, which was dated 1379, in the “Poll Tax Records of Yorkshire.” It was during the time of King Edward I, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272 – 1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a basic requirement with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Individuals with the surname Cottingham settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Cottingham who settled in the United States in the 17th century included George Cottingham at the age of 20, who landed in Virginia in 1635. Catherine Cottingham, arrived in Jamaica in 1679.
Some of the people with the name Cottingham who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Samuel Cottingham who arrived in Philadelphia in 1856. James Cottingham arrived in Mobile in 1860. Septimus, Thomas, and Edward Cottingham, all came to Philadelphia in 1870.
Some of the people with the name Cottingham who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Thomas Cottingham at the age of 29 who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship “Ascendant”.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Cottingham: United States 5,203; England 1,393; Wales 68; Australia 197; Switzerland 36; Canada 359; South Africa 110; France 49; New Zealand 66; Scotland 85.
Claybrook Cottingham (1881–1949), was a Louisiana professor and a head of a college.
John Cottingham was a British scholar.
Laura Cottingham was an American art analyst, administrator and visual artist.
Robert Cottingham was an American photorealist painter.
Bob Cottingham was an Olympic fighter.
Lewis Nockalls Cottingham was a British builder.
The main device (symbol) in the Cottingham blazon is the hind. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
Many different forms of the deer, hart, roe-buck and other appear in rolls of arms, though often of similar appearance. The precise choice of animal possibly being a reference to the family name. 6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Deer If there is any symbology intended it is probably that of enjoyment of the hunt, deer in all its form being a popular prey. 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P30
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable|
|2.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|3.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35|
|4.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|5.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|6.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Deer|
|7.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P30|