Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Cotton Name
Origins of Name:
The Cotton surname is of an Anglo-Saxon derivative, from the Old English “cotum” which means “cottages.” “Cotum” referred to when families lived in similarly named areas throughout England. Cottom, Cottam, and Coatham are all early spellings of what eventually evolved into the surname Cotton. The spelling, however, is locational, and it depends where the named Cotton is from that determines how their surname is pronounced and spelled. Oftentimes, those with the last name Cotton are migrant workers who moved to a new place looking for employment. For example, Cottam is found in the East Riding of Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire (near Retford), whereas Coatham is found in Nottinghamshire and the North Riding of Yorkshire. Various spellings can be found throughout history and vary by location. All of these spellings of the surname stem from the same Old English phrase “aet cotum,” which means “at the cottages.” This makes the surname Cotton, and all of it’s variant spellings, a topographic surname. This means that their name was derived from the area of which they resided, and based on physical features of that area, such as mountains, lakes, hills, churches, streams, and different classes of trees.
More common variations are:
Coton, Coatham, Cottham, Coutton, Cottoni, Cottone, Cottum, Cottam, Cotham, Catton, Cotten, Cowton, Coaton, Cutton, Cottan
The earliest recording of the Cotton surname was in the late 12th century in the 1212 Pipe Polls of Yorkshire. Ralph de Cottum was recorded in this event, and the “–um” ending of his surnames is today only preserved in the northern counties of England. Later in history, the Cotton surname in it’s wholeness, was first recorded in the “Pipe Rolls of Worcestershire” in 1185. Randulf de Cotton was the first recorded person to have the Cotton surname in history. Twenty-seven years later, in a London Church Register, the name resurfaced. On September 21, 1582, Raphe Cotton was christened at Snaith. Two hundred years later, Sarah Cottham, daughter of William Cottham, was christened on January 16, 1701 at Great Mitton. Cotton, Coton, Coatham, Cottum, Cotham, and Cottham are all locational variances of this name. Cotham is found near Newark in Nottinghamshire, while in the Midlands, Coton is found in Cambridgeshire and Oxfordshire and Cotton is found in Shropshire an Northamptonshire. These names vary by location due to the migrant workers that landed there, searching earnestly for work of any kind, or to relocate their families. The derivative for all of these surnames is the same, which is “cotum,” which directly translates to cottages. These spelling variations were often due to the lack of literacy in the Middle Ages. Names were written as they were heard, which contributes to the multiple spellings of this last name, in conjunction with the migrant workers in England.
The surname is found in many locations in Scotland bearing the same name. Most notably Perthshire, Angus, Kincardineshire, and Aberdeenshire. Cotton was a common place name in Fife during the 17th century.
There are several variations of the Cotton surname found in Wales. Coedton, meaning the woody hill, Cwtton, meaning the cottage hil; Cotden Saxon, meaning the cot in the valley, and Cwthen meaning the ancient cottage or dwelling.
United States 36, 538
South Africa 1,753
Amy Cotton (born in 1980) Judoka from Canada
Craig Cotton (born in 1947) Football player from America
James Cotton (born in 1975) Basketball player from America
James Cotton (born in 1978) Defensive end (football player) from America
Paris Cotton (born in 1989) Basketball player from America
Billy Cotton (1899-1969) Band leader from Britain
Gene Cotton (born in 1944) Pop and folk singer-songwriter from America
James Cotton (born in 1935) Blues musician, harmonica player from America
Jeff Cotton (born in 1949) Rock guitarist from America
Paul Cotton (born in 1943) Guitar player from America
George W. Cotton (1821-1892) Politician in South Australia
Paul Cotton (born in 1930) Diplomat in New Zealand, who was the non-resident High Commissioner to Tonga from 1975-1976
Sir Charles Andrew Cotton (1885-1970) Geologist from New Zealand
Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007) Chemist from America who, in 1982, was awarded the U.S National Medal of Science, in 1998 was awarded the Priestly Medal with twenty-nine other honorary doctorates, and in 2000 was awarded the Wolf Prize
Mr. A. Cotton (died in 1912) Twenty-six-year-old Southampton, Hampshire native who was an English Trimmer, and who worked on the RMS Titanic, where he sunk to his death in 1912
Sir Henry Thomas Cotton (1907-1987) Professional golfer from England, who won three Open Championships in his life
George Edward Lynch Cotton (1813-1866) Teacher and bishop from England
Darryl Cotton (1949-2012) Pop singer, television presenter, and notable actor from Australia
Joesph Cheshire Cotton (1905-1994) Award-winning actor on both the stage and on screen from America
Cotton Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Cotton blazon are the eagle, griffin, cotton hank and crescent. The two main tinctures (colors) are argent and azure.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Where the lion is undisputed king of the animals, the eagle undoubtedly plays the same role in the realm of the birds, its use in this form dating back to at least the Roman period . They tend to be illustrated in quite some detail, especially in continental European arms, and have almost as wide variety of postures and accessories as the lion, well illustrated in the reference as well as being just the eagle’s head or eagle’s leg. The symbology of the eagle is deep and complex, Wade devotes several pages to the subject , but suffice it say that it has long been associated with Empire and those held in high honour – any armiger would be pleased to have any form of Eagle upon their arms!
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The griffin is perhaps the most common of these creatures, being a chimera with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle. . It is most often in the pose known as rampant segreant, on its hind legs with claws and wings extended. Vinycomb has much to say on the subject of the griffin, perhaps summarised in his belief that it represents “strength and vigilance”.]
When people are depicted in heraldry their clothing and appearance are often described in some detail . We also find individual items of clothing used as charges in a coat of arms, and cotton hank is a good example of this. Sometimes these items are drawn in a somewhat stylised fashion, but this helps with recognition, important in distinguishing arms.