Covill Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Covill Family Coat of Arms

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Covill Coat of Arms Meaning

Covill Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Coville.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Covill. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Covill Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Covill blazon are the torteaux and cross crosslet. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and argent .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 7Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146 One of the simplest such shapes is the plain circle, known to heralds as the roundle. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle So popular is this charge that a shorthand has arisen for roundles of a particular colour and torteau is a roundle gules, or red. (We must be careful however not to confuse this with the word in French heraldry, in which torteau means roundle and must have the colour specified.) Most authorities agree that the English usage signifies the “Manchet cake” or communion wafer and thus is a symbol of religious allegiance.

No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 11Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross. The cross crosslet is one of these, being symetrical both vertically and horizontally and having an additional cross bar on each arm. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet Wade suggests that these additional crossing signify “the fourfold mystery of the Cross”. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Covill Name

Covill Origin:

England, Scotland

Origins of Covill:

This unique and interesting name is a dialectal variant of the geographical name Colleville from the place so called in Normandy. The origin is from the Scandinavian particular name Koli and the Olde French “ville,” which means a settlement or hamlet. A family of this name follows their ancestor from Philip de Colville, who in the 12th Century held lands in Roxburgh. The name was also considered to be Scottish with a first early record of one Philip de Coleuille who witnessed Malcolm IV’s confirmation of contributions to Dunfermline monastery. Differences in the phrase of the spelling contain as Covil, Covill, Covel, etc. One Margarett Covell married Rychard Blakney in November 1542, at St. Margaret, Westminster, and Patryk Covell married Any Rever in May 1572 at All Hallows, Honey Lane, London.

Variations:

More common variations are: Conville, Covilli, Covwill, Coevill, Covil, Cvill, Covll, Coviello, Coviella, Coeville.

England:

The surname Covill first appeared in Yorkshire Where they held a family seat from very ancient times and given lands by Duke William of Normandy, their true King, for their special support at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of William Colevil(e), dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book,” Yorkshire. It was during the time of King William I who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” dated 1066 – 1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Covill had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Some of the individuals with the name Covill who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included William Covill, who arrived in New York in the year 1834.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Covill: United States 683; England 511; Australia 123; Canada 92; Scotland 26; Spain 6; United Arab Emirates 2; Wales 2; Zimbabwe 1; Zambia 1.

Notable People:

Reginald John Covill (August 1905 –March 2002) was an English cricket player active in the 1920s and 1930s. He was born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. He was a right-handed batsman and right-arm fast bowler who played the preponderance of his cricket in minor divisions cricket, though he did make twelve appearances in first-class cricket. He made his presentation in minor divisions cricket for Norfolk against Staffordshire in the 1926 Minor Counties Championship. He played minor counties cricket for Norfolk in both 1926 and 1927, making seventeen appearances. It was in 1927, he made his debut in first-class cricket, having selected for an East of England cricket team against the touring New Zealanders at Wisbech Cricket Club Ground.

Bruce Farrington Coville (born May 1950) is a writer of young-adult fiction. Delighted with reading novels at a young age, Coville first wrote in 1977 and had over 100 books in his collection.

Air Marshal Sir Christopher Charles Cotton Coville, KCB was born in the year 1945. He is a retired senior Royal Air Force commander. Born in Liverpool, Coville attended the Royal Air Force in 1964, at the height of the Cold War. Early in his job, he flew Lightning and F4 Phantoms. He found command of No. 111 (Fighter) Squadron in 1983 and then became Group Captain Air at Headquarters No. 11 Group. In 1986, he became Station Commander at RAF Coningsby, where he flew Tornado F3 and displayed Hurricanes and Spitfires on the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. Advanced to air vice marshal, he became Air Officer Commanding Training Units in 1992, Assistant Chief of Defence Staff Operational Conditions (Air Systems) in 1994 and Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces Central Europe in 1998. In 2000, his NATO command received into the Regional Headquarters Allied Forces North Europe of which Coville became the Deputy Commander-in-Chief. In March 2001, he became the Air Member for Personnel and Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Personnel and Training Command.

Covill Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (co. Lancaster). (co. York). Or, a fesse gu. in chief three torteaux.
2) Or, on a fesse gu. three crosslets ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle
11. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross Crosslet
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P103