Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (cos. Huntingdon and Kent). Per saltire or and gu. over all a saltire sa. charged with a crescent ar.
2) (Cranwell, co. Lincoln). Gu. three cranes close ar. Crest—A crane close ar.
3) Ar. on a chev. sa. betw. three cranes close az. as many escallops or. Crest—On a mount vert a hare courant ar.
4) (Fun. Ent. of Mrs. Cranwell buried at St. Patrick’s, Dublin, 1658). Ar. on a fess betw. three cranes close gu. a mural crown or.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Cranwell Coat of Arms and Family Crest

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Cranwell Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Cranwell blazon are the crescent, crane and escallop. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 6xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 7. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 8.

Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 9. In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crane, heron and stork are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same stylised appearance 10. Guillim reckons the stork to the “emblem of filial duty” and also the “symbol of a grateful man”. 11

The escallopoccurs often in arms, represented as the outside of the shell, sometimes “fluted” of a different colour 12. It has been part of heraldic tradition almost from the beginning of the art, Henry III of England awarded Gules, 3 escallopes argent to Herbert de CHAMBERLEYNE in the 13th century, and it is present in the heraldry of almost all countries 13. It is believed that they were adopted as badges of those going to the Holy Land and can be found in the arms of many a crusading family. Hence Wade’s suggested association of the scallop with those that “complete long journeys to far countries” 14.

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References

  • 1 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
  • 2 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
  • 3 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
  • 4 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 5 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 6 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
  • 7 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
  • 8 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
  • 10 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P164
  • 11 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P78
  • 12 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Escallop
  • 13 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P299
  • 14 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P91