Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Creed Name
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from a place so called in Cornwall, and means “(the church of) St. Creda or Crida”, named after a 7th Century female priest who considered to have come from Ireland. More common variations are: Creedy, Creede, Creedo, Coreed, Creeda, Cred, Creedey, Careedy, Creedee, Creedeu.
The surname Creed first appeared in Cornwall Where they held a family seat from very early times, some say well before the Norman Invasion and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 AD. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Wadin Crede, dated 1191, in the “ Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire”. It was during the reign of King Richard 1, who was known as King Richard 1, dated 1189-1199. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Some of the people with the name Creed who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included John Creed, who arrived in Virginia in 1662. Edward Creed, who settled in Virginia in 1663. Edward Creed, who arrived in Maryland in 1670. John Creed, who landed in Maryland in 1670. Jonathon Creed, who came to Barbados in 1679 with his wife and daughter. People with the surname Creed who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Mathew Creed, who landed in Virginia in 1714. Some of the people with the surname Creed who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Penelope Creed who arrived in New York in 1820. Some of the people with the name Creed who arrived in the Canada in the 19th century included William Creed, aged 16, a clerk, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig “Charity” from Kinsale, Ireland. Some of the individuals with the surname Creed who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Mary Creed, aged 19, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship “Elgin”.
Creed Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Creed blazon are the leopard’s face, chevron and estoile. The two main tinctures (colors) are ermine and gules.
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
The leopard’s face (sometimes, incorrectly referred to as a leopard’s head occurs very frequently in heraldry . Early heraldic artists tended to treat lions and leopards as the same animal, but during the development of British Heraldry the heads of the two creatures have adopted separate, and more realistic forms. Wade would have us associate leopards with warriors, especially those who overcome ”hazardous things by force and courage”
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
There were of course many widely recognised symbols that existed long before the advent of heraldry and it should be no surprise that some of these were adopted as charge in coats of arms . The estoile is a typical example, reflecting the stars in the sky and represented with six wavy points, often with a little shading to give it some depth. . The ancient writer Guillim assigns these symbols as the emblems of God’s goodness”.