Origin, Meaning, Family History and Cropper Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Cropper:
This interesting and unusual name is of an ancient origin and frequently a professional surname for a reaper of fruit or vegetables or a picker of corn. The name derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century word “cropp” which means “lumping,” “head of a plant,” which in Middle English converted into “crop” and developed into the different word “cropen,” which means to cut or harvest. In some situations, the new surname may derive from a similar word but was used for the counting of the herd, and so a professional name for person who worked to do this. There are two types of the developed name like Cropper and Crapper, the evolution of the name surname has been known to be John Crapere in the year 1275 in Norfolk, William Croper in the year 1276 in Yorkshire and Alice le Crappere in the year 1315 in ibid. The marriage of Edward Cropper and Joan Pearce in Clerkenwell, London in 1655.
More common variations are: Croper, Croppr, Crapper, Crupper, Cripper, Gropper, Kropper, Crowper, Crooper, Carpper.
The origins of the surname Cropper were found in Lancashire where people held a family seat from early times. Some say before the success of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Roger le Croppere, dated about 1221, in the “Assize Court Rolls of Worcestershire.” It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Cropper had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Cropper settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Cropper who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Gilbert Cropper, John Cropper, and John Cropper; all came to Maryland in the same year in 1680.
Some of the people with the surname Cropper who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Robert Cropper would eventually settle in Virginia in 1740. William Cropper, who was a bounded traveler landed in Mayland in 1722.
The following century saw much more Cropper surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Cropper who settled in the United States in the 19th century included V Cropper at the age of 22 landed in America in 1822. Elisha J. Cropper arrived in Galveston, Tx in the year in 1850. Mr. Cropper came in San Francisco, California in the year 1850. Henry, John, Lomax and Thomas Cropper, all arrived in Philadelphia between the years 1846 and 1866.
Some of the people with the surname Cropper who settled in Australia in the 19th century included Rebecca Cropper, Jane Cropper, John Cropper and James Cropper, all arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the same ship “ Simlah” in the same year 1849.
Some of the people with the surname Cropper who settled in New Zealand in the 19th century included Eli Cropper arrived in Nelson, New-Zealand in the year 1842.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Cropper: United States 3,979; England 2,269; Australia 358; Ireland 33; Canada 201; South Africa 128; Scotland 72; New-Zealand 88; Trinidad and Tobago 58; France 61.
Angela Cropper was a United Nations officer from Trinidad and Tobago.
Anna Cropper (1938–2007), was a British stage and television artist
Anton Cropper was an American television manager and director.
Dene Cropper (born 1983), was an old English professional football player. He was born in the year 1983.
James Cropper (MP) (1823–1900), was an English League leader.
James Cropper (priest), was an Anglican religious man. He passed away in the year 1938.
James Cropper (businessman) (born 1938), was an English merchant. He was born in the year 1938.
Jason Cropper (born 1971), is an American singer, guitar player for Weezer.
John Cropper (1797–1876), was a British contributor.
Linda Cropper was an Australian television actress and entertainer.
Steve Cropper (born 1941), is an American guitar player, composer, and director.
William Cropper (1862–1889), was an English cricket and football player.
Cropper Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Cropper blazon are the pigeon and spear. The four main tinctures (colors) are or, azure, sable and argent.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crane, heron and stork are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same stylised appearance . The pigeon is amongst the mjaor bird species to appear in heraldry.
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . The spear or lance is a typical example, often borne (for obvious reasons) in allusion to the crucifixtion. Sometimes only the head is shown, and on other occasions the tilting or tournament spear is specified, familiar to us from many a jousting scene in the movies.